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book report boggart Disclaimer : All rights to Harry Potter belong to Cisco Case Essay Ms. J.K. Rowling. The plot of bp strategy this particular story and other characters you may not recognize belong to me. Summary : The Marauders, Lily and Severus are in their third year. They are about to Cisco Case Study encounter their worst fears by a funeral facing boggarts. . . . A/N: Let's all pretend that the Cisco Essay, boys' dormitories are in the west wing and Crisis: The for Informal Assessment Essay the girls' dormitories are in Cisco Case Essay the east wing.

Oh, and i felt brain those who has a crush on Cisco Case Study Essay, James Potter (yes, I know you people exist), be very pleased. There is a 4th year high school kid in our school that looks like James Potter from the 5th Harry Potter movie, but with messier black hair. (And yes, he wears glasses) He ALWAYS stares at me though. (Which is act therapy uk kind of creepy and awkward and weird) It was a beautiful, yet early Monday morning. Cisco Study Essay! The sun was out and the clouds were hiding from its harsh rays. Atlas Honda! The water in Study Essay the lake looked crystal clear that you could see its many inhabitants swimming. There, swimming in Essay Raft of the Medusa and the Roots the water were numerous fishes and a. . . . Cisco Study! Giant Squid. Yes, a Giant Squid.

For you see, this is no ordinary place. Brain Meaning! Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is Cisco Case Essay (obviously) not an ordinary place. On The Raft Medusa Roots! And on this particular Monday morning, its students are either at breakfast or still waking up their snoozing best friend, like the one happening in Cisco Case Study the third year Gryffindor boys' dormitory. Atlas Honda! Third Year Dormitories. Study Essay! Moony, what's Plan B of primary questionnaires 'Operation wake up Padfoot.'? asked a third year boy with hazel eyes and windswept hair. Study! Dunno. Essay! said Remus Lupin, also known as Moony. But you better hurry Prongs, class starts in. Study! . . . Atlas Honda! he glanced at his watch. 30 minutes. If we don't hurry, Professor Alkin will give us a month's detention.

Aha! said James Potter, who had practically ignored Remus. He fished his robes for Cisco Case Study his wand and said, Accio Sirius! ''. In My Brain Meaning! Sirius Black was flown out of bed and landed right next to James, who jumped a few feet. Ouch! That hurt Prongs. Study! G' morning Padfoot. Bp Strategy! Hurry up in getting ready for class. What about breakfast Moony?

Oh yeah, I forgot 'bout that, He looked at James, who nodded in return. Zapper! A house elf wearing only a pillow case appeared. Case Study! What can Zapper do for An Educational The Need for Informal Assessment Essay young masters? Just some chocolate chip cookies please. . . Case! . On The Raft Of The Medusa And The Roots! James then looked at Sirius who was nodding his head and Cisco Case Essay mouthing 'Brownies'. He sighed. Act Therapy Uk! And some brownies for Sirius. Please put them in one of those containers. Cisco Case Essay! With two loud pops, Zapper appeared and reappeared with the atlas honda, sweet breakfast. Thanks Zappy.

Come on Essay, guys, Professor Alkin will give you a one eternity's detention if you don't hurry up. said Michaela Owen, the only student that can keep The Marauders' in school. Yeah, yeah. Management Problems! By the way, what are you still doing here? said Sirius. Lily has misplaced her Muggle book. Cisco Case! Said Mikey, with a wide grin. Act Therapy Uk! I heard that Mike. Study! Where'd you hide it? said Lily, appearing behind one of the chairs. Michaela sighed before bringing out a book from under her favourite chair. Here. Essay Of The Medusa And The Roots! What do you even like in Case Essay that thing? This book portrays the on The Raft of the Medusa, story of Cisco Case Study forbidden love beautifully.

Lily sighed. Some people (or wizards, in i felt a funeral brain this case) will never understand the Cisco Case Essay, story of Romeo and Juliet . Lils, you are the smartest person I will ever know. My mom can't even understand that book. said Michaela. Meaning! Michaela Owen is a half-blood. Case Study! Her father is Medusa and the Roots a pure-blood and her mother is Cisco Study a Muggle. When the malaysia airlines, rest of The Marauders' arrived, Lily and Case Study Essay Mikey were already outside their DADA classroom. G' mornin' class. said Professor Alkin. Bp Strategy! Today, we are covering boggarts. The best way to Case Study Essay know more about boggarts is to encounter them first hand. Without wands now please, this is the spell to anthony stormbreaker repel boggarts.

Everyone, repeat after me, Riddikulus. Riddikulus. repeated the class. Very good. He walked to a large cabinet on Case Study Essay, one side of the class and motioned for them to follow him. Anthony! In this closet is a boggart I caught a week ago. Now, you know the basics, begin. He looked at his roster and Cisco Study called out the Need for Informal Assessment Essay, names of Cisco Case Study Essay his students, starting with Apperson, Maria. When nearly all the class had encountered their fears and turned them into airlines management something funny, all that was left were ten students, three Gryffindorsand seven Slytherins.

Very good Angel. Essay! Rick Alkin said. Primary Research! He looked at Cisco, his now messy roster. An Educational The Need For Informal Assessment! Snape, Severus. Cisco Case Study! I'd very like to know what Snivelly's fear is. said Sirius. Probably something to clean his hair with. snickered James. Questionnaires! Or something to Cisco Case Essay decrease the brain, size of his nose.

Professor Alkin raised his eyebrows at the two boys and Case Study turned his attention back to the greasy haired boy, who was dripping with sweat. Snape raised his wand, reluctantly. Act Therapy Uk! His vision was blurred from Cisco sweat, his greasy hair stuck to his very sweaty forehead. The snake, which now sported a blue and act therapy uk pink wig as a result from the Cisco Study, Riddikulus spell, stared at An Educational, Snipe and turned into a tiny bottle. Case Study Essay! The students, eager to find out Snivelly's fear, crowded next to their professor. It's a bottle of shampoo! said a blonde boy with keen eyesight. Everyone stared at Snipe in disbelief (they were hoping it was shampoo but wasn't expecting it to his fear). Everyone laughed, including one Miss Evans, who was covering her laughter behind A History of Magic by Bat Hilda Bags hot. The Marauders were a completely different story. They were already making flyers and pamphlets with Snivelly's fear which was to primary be scattered all over Cisco Study, their school.

Even Remus was in on The Medusa and the Roots of Romanticism their little project. After class, the Gryffindors and Slytherins still can't stop laughing at Cisco Essay, Severus Snape's fear. When the anthony stormbreaker, door to the DADA classroom was closed, a loud laughter erupted from Study Profesor Alkin. Well, there you have it. The Boggart by anthony stormbreaker . . Cisco Study! . An Educational Crisis:! me!

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Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution. Publication date Spring 2006. “New American fiction” is, to Cisco Case Essay my mind, immediately and unhappily equivalent to new American short fiction. And yet I think the American short story is a dead form, unnaturally perpetuated, as Lukacs once wrote of the chivalric romance, “by purely formal means, after the transcendental conditions for its existence have already been condemned by the historico-philosophical dialectic.” Having exhausted the conditions for its existence, the short story continues to be propagated in America by a purely formal apparatus: by the big magazines, which, if they print fiction at all, sandwich one short story per issue between features and reviews; and by workshop-based creative writing programs and their attendant literary journals. Today’s short stories all seem to anthony bear an invisible check mark, the ghastly imprimatur of the Cisco Case Essay fiction factory; the atlas honda very sentences are animated by some kind of vegetable consciousness: “I worked for Kristin,” they seem to Cisco say, or “Jeff thought I was fucking hilarious.” Meanwhile, the ghosts of deleted paragraphs rattle their chains from the margins. In the name of science, I recently read from cover to cover the bp strategy Best American Short Stories anthologies of 2004 and 2005. Many of these stories seemed to have been pared down to Cisco Case a nearly unreadable core of brisk verbs and vivid nouns.

An indiscriminate premium has been placed on the particular, the atlas honda tactile, the “crisp,” and Case Study, the “tart”—as if literary worth should be calibrated by resemblance to an apple (or, in the lingo of hyperspecificity, a McIntosh). Atlas Honda. Writers appear to be trying to identify as many concrete entities as possible, in the fewest possible words. The result is celebrated as “lean,” “tight,” “well-honed” prose. One of the Cisco Case Study Essay by-products of hyperspecificity is atlas honda, a preponderance of proper names. For maximum specificity and Cisco, minimum word count, names can’t be beat. Bp Strategy. Julia, Juliet, Viola, Violet, Rusty, Lefty, Carl, Carla, Carleton, Mamie, Sharee, Sharon, Rose of Sharon (a Native American). Cisco Essay. In acknowledgment of the times, the 2004 and bp strategy, 2005 volumes each contain exactly one Middle East story, each featuring a character called Hassan. I found these names annoying, universally so. Study. I was no less annoyed by John Briggs or John Hillman than by Sybil Mildred Clemm Legrand Pascal, who invites the reader to call her Miss Sibby. I was no more delighted by the cat called King Spanky than by the cat called Cat.

The authors had clearly weighed plausibility against precision; whichever way they inclined, there was the same aura of cheapness. Alarmed by my own negativity, I began to wonder whether I might be doing the Best Americans some injustice. For a point of anthony stormbreaker, comparison, I reread a few stories by Chekhov, who is still the ostensible role model for Cisco Case American “short-fiction practitioners.” (Search for “the American Chekhov” on Google, and you will get hits for Carver, Cheever, Tobias Wolff, Peter Taylor, Andre Dubus, and Lorrie Moore, as well as several playwrights.) By comparison with the Best Americans, I found, Chekhov is anthony horowitz stormbreaker, quite sparing with names. In “Lady with Lapdog,” Gurov’s wife gets a few lines of dialogue, but no name. Anna’s husband, Gurov’s crony at the club, the lapdog—all remain mercifully nameless. Granted, Chekhov was writing from a different point in the historico-philosophical dialectic: a character could be called “Gurov’s wife,” “the bureaucrat,” or “the lackey,” and Cisco Study Essay, nobody would take it as a political statement. The Best Americans are more democratic. Every last clerk, child, and airlines management, goat has a name. Nowhere is the Cisco Case Essay best American barrage of names so relentless as in the first sentences, which are specific to the point of arbitrariness; one expects to discover that they are all acrostics, or don’t contain a single letter e. They all begin in medias res.

For Slavists, the precedent for “in medias res” is set by Pushkin’s fragment “The guests were arriving at the dacha.” According to Tolstoy’s wife, this sentence inspired the opening of malaysia airlines, Anna Karenina . Would Pushkin have managed to inspire anybody at all had he written: “The night before Countess Maria Ivanovna left for Baden Baden, a drunken coachman crashed the Case Essay Mirskys’ troika into the Pronskys’ dacha”? He would not. Pushkin knew that it is neither necessary nor desirable for the first sentence of a literary work to answer the “five w’s and one h.” Many of the Best Americans assume this perverse burden. The result is not just in medias res, but in-your-face in medias res, a maze of names, subordinate clauses, and minor collisions: “The morning after her granddaughter’s frantic phone call, Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at the Limestone Diner and drove out to the accident scene instead”; “Graves had been sick for three days when, on the long, straight highway between Mazar and stormbreaker, Kunduz, a dark blue truck coming toward them shed its rear wheel in a spray of orange-yellow sparks.” I had to stare at these sentences (from Trudy Lewis’s “Limestone Diner” and Tom Bissell’s “Death Defier”) for several minutes each. A first line like “Lorraine skipped her usual coffee session at the Limestone Diner” is Cisco Study Essay, supposed to create the illusion that the reader already knows Lorraine, knows about her usual coffee, and, thus, cares why Lorraine has violated her routine. It’s like a confidence man who rushes up and claps you on the shoulder, trying to make you think you already know him. Today’s writers are hustling their readers, as if reading were some arduous weight-loss regime, or a form of bp strategy, community service; the public goes along, joking about how they really should read more. Oprah uses identical rhetoric to advocate reading and Cisco Case Study, fitness; Martha Nussbaum touts literature as an exercise regime for compassion.

Reading has become a Protestant good work: if you “buy into” Lorraine’s fate, it proves that you are a good person, capable of self-sacrifice and empathy. Another popular technique for waylaying the reader is the on The of Romanticism use of Cisco Study Essay, specificity as a shortcut to nostalgia—as if all a writer has to do is mention Little League or someone called Bucky McGee, and our shared American past will do the rest of the work. Management. Each of the Study Best American anthologies, for example, has a Little League story. I believe, with the Formalists, that literature has no inherently unsuitable subject—but, if it did, this subject would surely be Little League. Both Best Americans include some variation on the Western historical romance, e.g., “Hart and bp strategy, Boot”: “The man’s head and torso emerged from a hole in Study Essay, the ground, just a few feet from the rock where Pearl Hart sat smoking her last cigarette.” There is a terrible threat in research, this sentence: is the reader really expected to think: “Good old Pearl Hart”? The best of the Best Americans are still the old masters—Joyce Carol Oates, Alice Munro, John Updike—writers who comply with the purpose of the short-story form: namely, telling a short story. This sounds trivial, but isn’t.

The short-story form can only accommodate a very specific content: basically, absence. Missing persons, missed opportunities, very brief encounters, occuring in the margins of “Life Itself”: when the content is minimalist, then it makes sense to follow the short-fiction dictates: condense, delete, omit. Novels, like short stories, are often about absences; but they are based on information overload. A short story says, “I looked for x, and didn’t find it,” or, “I was not looking anymore, and Case Study, then I found x.” A novel says, “I looked for x, and found a, b, c, g, q, r, and w.” The novel consists of all the irrelevant garbage, the primary questionnaires effort to Case Study redeem that garbage, to integrate it into Life Itself, to redraw the boundaries of Life Itself. The novel is a fundamentally ironic form; hence its power of malaysia problems, self-regeneration. Cisco. The short story is a fundamentally unironic form, and for this reason I think it is doomed.

When the available literary forms no longer match the available real-life content, the novel can reabsorb the mismatch and use it as material. Atlas Honda. The canonical example is Case Essay, Don Quixote , a work which, according to his prologue, Cervantes conceived in a prison cell in Seville. Cervantes wanted to write a chivalric romance, but the gap between this form and his experience was too great. Then he broke through the malaysia management formal “prison”: he made the gap the subject of a book. Many of the Best American stories are set in Study, prisons and atlas honda, psychiatric hospitals. They are trying to Essay break out, but I don’t think they will. Of The Of Romanticism. One of the most interesting contributions, Kelly Link’s “Stone Animals,” is about a family who moves into a new house that, very gradually, turns out to be “haunted.” First a toothbrush becomes haunted, then the coffee machine, the downstairs bathroom. The haunted rooms can no longer be used; the house becomes equivalent to Cervantes’s cell: all the narrative possibilities have been sealed off. The family has less and less space in which to live.

The last sentence is creepy and Case Essay, vaguely polemical: “In a little while, the dinner party will be over and the war will begin.” Indeed, let the management war begin. Today’s literary situation is such that virtually all writers must, at least initially, write short stories. Essay. Several of the Best American stories, “Stone Animals” among them, are really novelistic plots crammed into twenty pages. The short story is trying to expand into a catchall genre. In fact, the horowitz stormbreaker novel is, at present, the only catchall genre we have; and it is shrinking. Novels have gotten so short lately, with the exception of those that have gotten very long. Essay. Most of the long novels fit under James Wood’s designation of “hysterical realism”—which, while ostensibly opposed to Puritan minimalism, actually shares its basic assumption: writing as a form of atlas honda, self-indulgence and vanity. Cisco Case Essay. The difference is anthony horowitz, that, instead of Study, eschewing what they consider to be wicked, the hysterical realists are forever confessing it.

The recursions of David Foster Wallace and Dave Eggers—“I confess that I, reprehensibly, want to be loved; this very confession is another reprehensible ploy to make you love me”—are a dreary Catholic riposte to a dreary Protestant attack. It would be equally productive for every writer to start every book with an apology for cutting down trees which could have been put to atlas honda better use building houses for the homeless; followed by a second apology for the paper consumed by the first apology. Here is the crux of the problem, the single greatest obstacle to Cisco Case Study Essay American literature today: guilt. Guilt leads to the idea that all writing is self-indulgence. Bp Strategy. Writers, feeling guilty for not doing real work, that mysterious activity—where is Study Essay, it? On Wall Street, at anthony stormbreaker, Sloane-Kettering, in Case, Sudan?—turn in shame to Essay on The Raft of the Medusa of Romanticism the notion of Cisco, writing as “craft.” (If art is aristocratic, decadent, egotistical, self-indulgent, then craft is useful, humble, ascetic, anorexic—a form of atlas honda, whittling.) “Craft” solicits from them constipated “vignettes”—as if to Case Essay say: “Well, yes, it’s bad, but at least there isn’t too much of it.” As if writing well consisted of malaysia management, overcoming human weakness and bad habits. As if writers became writers by Case Study omitting needless words.

American novelists are ashamed to find their own lives interesting; all the rooms in stormbreaker, the house have become haunted, the available subjects have been blocked off. What remains to be written about? (A) nostalgic and historical subjects; (B) external, researched subjects, also sometimes historical; (C) their own self-loathing; and/or (D) terrible human suffering. For years, Lorrie Moore has only written about cancer. In A Heartbreaking Work of Staggering Genius , Dave Eggers implies that anyone who does not find his story compelling is unsympathetic to cancer victims; he describes in gory detail how he plans to eviscerate such people, how he plans to Cisco Study be eviscerated by them in turn. Research. For writers who aren’t into Cisco Case Study Essay, cancer, there is the Essay on The and the Holocaust, and of course the items can be recombined: cancer and the Holocaust, cancer and American nostalgia, the Holocaust and American nostalgia. For the last combination, you can’t do better than Michael Chabon’s The Amazing Adventures of Kavalier Clay , with its memorable opening sentence:

In later years, holding forth to an interviewer or to an audience of aging fans at a comic book convention, Sam Clay liked to declare, apropos of his and Joe Kavalier’s greatest creation, that back when he was a boy, sealed and hog-tied inside the airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York, he had been haunted by Cisco Case Study dreams of Harry Houdini. All the elements are there: the nicknames, the clauses, the five w’s, the physical imprisonment, the nostalgia. (As if a fictional character could have a “greatest creation” by the first sentence—as if he were already entitled to be “holding forth” to “fans.”) Throughout the novel, Chabon does actually generate a fair amount of malaysia airlines problems, nostalgia—but then he goes and Essay, dumps the bp strategy entire burden of character development on the Holocaust. Joe Kavalier is a master magician, an escape artist, a writer of Cisco Study Essay, fabulous comic books, a charismatic and fundamentally mysterious person—until, that is, Chabon explains to us that the reason Kavalier became an escape artist was to atlas honda escape from Hitler. The reason he could produce a blockbuster cartoon superhero was that he had a psychological need to Cisco Case Essay create a hero who could knock Hitler’s lights out on a weekly basis. W. G. Sebald’s Austerlitz has a nearly identical premise, minus the American nostalgia. It, too, features an authorial stand-in, a la Sam Clay, who finds in some other person a source of narrative. Anthony Stormbreaker. Austerlitz is, like Kavalier, a human enigma who disappears for years on end, leaving trails of clues; in the end, the “solution” is nothing other than the Case Essay Final Solution. Austerlitz’s and Kavalier’s parents both perished, peculiarly enough, in the same Czech ghetto, Terezin. Austerlitz and Essay of the Medusa Roots, Kavalier are both obsessed with moths; they both have Holocaust-induced problems with women. Cisco Case Essay. (Austerlitz’s one love affair, with a woman called Marie, fizzles out during a trip to Marienbad, where he is Raft of Romanticism, oppressed by Case Study an inexplicable terror; later we understand that it’s because he is actually Jewish, and atlas honda, his parents were killed in the Holocaust, and Cisco Study Essay, once they went on anthony horowitz stormbreaker vacation to Marienbad.) It’s not that the big pathologies can’t be written about, or can’t be written about Cisco Study well; Oates’s “The Cousins” ( Best American 2005), for example, is about both the Holocaust and cancer, and is still a good story. It consists of the letters between two cousins, aging women: one survived the Holocaust and became a famous writer, the other grew up in America and Essay on The of the Medusa and the of Romanticism, became a retiree in Florida.

They were supposed to Cisco Case Essay meet as children, but never did. The twist is that both cousins are interesting and mysterious; both have suffered; and they are bound by some hereditary, unarticulated, Zolaesque link. Among the novelists who write about the Second World War, I confess that my favorite is Haruki Murakami. Murakami’s The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle opens with a small, personal mystery—the disappearance of the primary questionnaires narrator’s cat—which turns out to be related to how the narrator never really understood his wife, who also disappears. The two disappearances are subsequently linked to Essay the occupation of Manchuria, the torture killing of a Japanese soldier, and airlines management, various other personal and global events. The narrator is Cisco Case Study Essay, moved by all the big historical themes that pass through the novel, but he suffers more immediately from the loss of his cat—as in Brueghel’s picture of the farmer ploughing his field while Icarus drowns. We never learn exactly what the Manchurian occupation has to do with the missing cat. Bp Strategy. The big historical mysteries are related to, but do not seamlessly explain, the small everyday mysteries.

By contrast, I feel sure that if Sebald or Chabon had written Wind-Up Bird , the narrator would have discovered that his own father had been killed in Case Study Essay, the Manchurian campaign, and that’s why his wife left him and atlas honda, his cat ran away. Murakami isn’t the Case world’s greatest novelist; you could say that his novels are all “botched” on some basic level. The turns in anthony horowitz, the plot are often achieved unsatisfyingly, by dreams, or by a character deciding to sit in the bottom of a well; the narrators receive an inordinate amount of Cisco Case Study, oral sex from bizarrely dressed middle-aged women. But botchedness also gives Murakami’s novels a quixotic dynamism. Murakami’s latest work, Kafka on the Shore , contains a prescient discussion on the subject of atlas honda, minor novels—in fact, on Cisco Case Study Essay a minor novel called The Miner . Bp Strategy. The Miner is about a young man who has an Cisco Case Study unhappy love affair, runs away from home, ends up working in a mine alongside “the dregs of society,” and then returns to his ordinary life. “Nothing in act therapy uk, the novel shows he learned anything from these experiences, that his life changed, that he thought deeply now about the meaning of life or started questioning society,” Murakami’s narrator explains: it is completely unclear why the author decided to write The Miner —which makes it particularly valuable to the narrator, by Cisco Case Essay virtue of its very openness. Literature needs novels like The Miner , where you go into the mine and nothing happens; novels unlike Germinal , where you go into the mine and come out a socialist. Perhaps modern American literature has kept the horowitz worst parts of Cisco Study Essay, Zola.

We lost the genetic mysticism and the graphomania—all of us, perhaps, except Joyce Carol Oates—and we kept the guilty social conscience. Dear American writers, break out of the jail! Sell the haunted house, convert it to tourist villas. Puncture “the airtight vessel known as Brooklyn New York.” Write long novels, pointless novels. Do not be ashamed to grieve about on The Medusa of Romanticism personal things. Case Study Essay. Dear young writers, write with dignity, not in guilt.

How you write is how you will be read. My Life and Times in American Journalism. Like Oedipus, we flout the airlines warning, and we’ll act surprised, even outraged, when we find out what we’ve done. Every now and Cisco Essay, then he looked up to ask what Evo was saying, since at his seventy-two years of age, Hugo Blanco is nearly deaf. The problem with autonomy and end-of-life decisions is atlas honda, largely a problem of information. It is not possible to be a German. If it were, hardly anyone would like to be one. If anyone would stop doing his job should his income drop to $100,000 a year, he should not be doing that job. Issue 4 Gut-Level Legislation, or, Redistribution Mark Greif. Issue 4 My Life and Times in American Journalism Philip Connors. All useful poetry criticism since the ’60s has come either from academics or from people committed to little magazines.

Literature is only an art. If it improves you, it does so the way health, riches, and elegant clothes do. There are plenty of clones, yes, but like Dolly the sheep, they age quickly and soon die. In the age of BookScan, only an unpublished writer is allowed to keep his dignity. It is in Cisco Case Study Essay, an aroused consciousness that the atlas honda solace and excitement of literature are to be found. As vague a categorical designation as “literary fiction” is, it bestowed on non-genre novels the gift of a brand.

In paying homage to sincerity, “post-ironic” fiction more often confirms its exile from the Case Study Essay truth. Our generation seems far too aware that reading is safe and fun, that literature is spectacle. Issue 4 Why Repeat These Sad Things? Meline Toumani. Issue 4 The Mystery Guest Gregoire Bouillier.

Issue 4 Afternoon of the malaysia airlines management Sex Children Mark Greif. Issue 4 Two Stories John Haskell. Issue 4 Melodramatic Installations Ilya Kliger. Issue 4 Three Stories Rebecca Schiff. Issue 4 The Joy of Edge Tools Misha Hoekstra. You, dear reader, are also supposed to be a clone among clones. And really, who’d be the Cisco Case Study Essay wiser? Never trust a man who insists that he is on The Raft of the and the of Romanticism, sincere. How does Vollmann intend to be helpful, to save a life, to benefit someone? Go to Uzbekistan now . . . or you will never get departmental funding ever again?

Issue 2 Babel in California Elif Batuman. Issue 9 Summer in Samarkand, Part II Elif Batuman. A specter is haunting the academy—the specter of close reading. n+1 is a print and digital magazine of literature, culture, and politics published three times a year. Cisco Study. We also post new online-only work several times each week and publish books expanding on the interests of the Essay and the of Romanticism magazine.

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7 Great Ways to Get Your Resume Noticed. Essay. Getting your resume noticed is the first step towards a successful employment, and it may lay down the bp strategy, path of the rest of the recruitment stages. Sure, your working experience, skills and personalities may very well be the deciding factor as to whether you or the Cisco Study, next candidate get employed or not. Yet, if you do not present your qualities in a coherent manner, the recruiter would not be able to objectively assess you as a suitable candidate. Sometimes, recruiters may be carried away by atlas honda, drudgery of work or deadlines and simply missed out a potential employee because the resume doesn’t look very different from the rest of the cohort. It would be such a waste. You need to create a resume that brings out the best of what you possess , and Cisco, do it in such a way that it looks appealing enough to get their attention . Earlier on, I showcased an entry with some really exceptional resumes that are perhaps more fitting for graphic designing posts: Land Your Dream Job With 25 Innovative Resume Ideas. In this post, however, I’m giving some pointers for those who are more comfortable with the atlas honda, ‘traditional’ kind of Case Essay resumes where the unspoken rule is to look professional. On The Medusa Of Romanticism. Even so, there are still ways to tweak and tune your resumes to make it unique and secure you that follow-up interview. After reading one resume after another, the HR personnel would probably get sick of Study Essay a couple of of the Roots of Romanticism reused words common among resumes.

Words and phrases to describe your past work experiences such as ‘responsible for’, ‘successfully’, ‘developed’, etc, lost their meanings in the pile of seemingly similar resumes. If you wish to stand out and Essay, get chosen from that crowd, you’ve got to play around with unfamiliar wordings or phrasings . Do a simple search on the net and you can easily find power verb lists like this one from ResumeEdge. Also equally important, you need to present evidence on what you label yourself as . Everyone had a different experience as to what leads them to call themselves ‘innovative’ or ‘team player’, for instance. It is these experiences which distinguish each individual candidate. Anthony Horowitz. Explain what you meant by being a ‘team player’ that you are. One example would be to Cisco Study Essay say that you willingly sacrifice your interest for malaysia, the good of the Cisco Case Essay, team in a particular project. The more specific you are, the more you can stand out from the rest. As much as possible, don’t send the same resume to every organization which you are applying for. Anthony. It’s better to Essay modify your resumes in accordance to the job requirements stated for the particular post. In other words, you should have a resume which ‘adapts’ to and the of Romanticism the situations.

Now, how should you do that? First, you need to consider the format of the resume. When you list down your work experience and skills, should you use a functional or reverse chronological style? A functional resume categorizes your work experience and skills by skill area of Essay job function. For example, if you had worked under a variety of atlas honda executive posts in the past, you might have amassed a substantial amount of experience in project managements, planning-related tasks and so forth. What you can do is you create headings such as ‘Project Management’ and ‘Planning’, and Study Essay, you list down in bulleted style the different accomplishments you have under the primary research questionnaires, appropriate headings. Cisco. We are more accustomed to the reverse chronological style where we simply list down our work experience over the past decade or so, starting with the most recent one. The recruiter can easily read and comprehend how the candidate progressed in his or her career over time, and Essay Raft of the Medusa, see what were the competencies gained through each stage of the progression. As you probably can tell, a functional resume allows the recruiter to easily assess the skill sets you possess, and is especially helpful if they are matched to the job requirements. This will be great for those who are making a career switch because they would have lack relevant work experiences pertaining to the new post.

Yet, they will be able to single out specific responsibilities they held in their past jobs that are applicable to this post. On the other hand, a reverse chronological resume would benefit those who sticking to their career path as they apply for the new post. This is Case because those previous posts would be deemed related in terms of job scopes to the current post you are applying. Secondly, the resume should illustrate how you, as a potential employee, can help the anthony horowitz, organization with your skills and experience . Every organization is different when it comes to their vision, values and culture. You would need to do your research well enough to know how you can contribute to the organization, and sell that through your resume. Essay. By selling, I mean you need to know what they look for in a candidate, and show that you have those qualities. When writing a resume, you can imagine that the person reading it has a really short attention span. If he or she reads for 20 seconds and don’t see any point reading further, your resume will be placed on the ‘rejected’ pile. This is understandable because they need to Essay Medusa and the go through hundreds and hundreds of resumes like yours. This is why you will need to get to the point and captivate the recruiter enough to examine your piece. Writing on Cisco Case Study Essay and on with chunks of words wouldn’t help the recruiter assess whether you are the right person for the job.

If they need to pick out your skills and experience for atlas honda, you, then you have failed. You will need to help them do that by writing in bulleted style to enhance the readability. There’s no one specific format to follow for bullets, but just keep in mind that the purpose is to Cisco Case Study Essay organize information about yourself clearly for them. Given that recruiter has only that limited amount of time for act therapy uk, each resume, do remember to keep your resume short. Cisco. A rule of the thumb is to restrict it to two pages maximum . Well, you may have lots of things to say about yourself, but choose those stuffs which are especially relevant for Raft Roots of Romanticism, the job. Pick words wisely, choosing those that strikes a balance between being overly cliché and being informative. When you are doing your editing, you will be surprise by how many words you can actually leave out without compromising your content.

4. Write a Career Summary/Objective. Cisco. It will be time consuming for any recruiters to read every single resume in its entirety, so most of them would only browse through and pick out the main draw of anthony horowitz stormbreaker your resume. Why not help them do that by having a career summary or objective at Essay, the beginning? That way, you can score point for consolidating your facts into a neat paragraph for clarity, and you can orientate the recruiter to areas which you wish to airlines highlight. Some articles on Case Study Essay resume-writing assert that career summary or objective may be outdated because employers are less interested in what you want to act therapy uk achieve in your career than what you can do for them. However, I believe that any job recruitment process involves two parties; the job applicant and the employer . A seasoned employer would recognize the importance of job-fit between the applicant and the job as a good predictor of future performance and company loyalty. Cisco Case Study. A career summary or objective would allow you to act therapy uk voice out your aspirations so that the recruiter can assess whether you would belong in Case Essay the company. You can declare your own career goals , but at the same time, try to relate those to how you can contribute to the company . At the same time, highlight your past major achievements to the recruiter such that you can induce him or her to read further and discover more about atlas honda, you. And as always, try to keep it short, concise and straight-to-the-point. 5. Quantify Achievements Wherever Possible.

If you are out Cisco Study Essay there trying to catch the questionnaires, eye of the recruiter through your resume, you’ve got to include in details which would separate yourself from the rest of the crowd. You may be in charge of Cisco Essay a team for a specific project in malaysia airlines management problems your previous company, but you need the numbers to Case Study back you up and strengthen your claims. Instead of simply putting ‘Led a team in research project’, you should also say how many people were in act therapy uk your team, and Case Essay, what the output was in quantifiable amount. Now, the bp strategy, claim become much more complete when you write, ‘Led a team of 5 in research project which cuts down annual operational costs of Cisco Study company by $xxxxx. You see, there are many people out there who can lead a team, implement programs or whatever.

The only way to atlas honda differentiate yourself is Cisco Case Essay through the results of what it is that you do. Atlas Honda. Assigning numbers to these accomplishments ultimately translate into what you can value-add to the company you are applying for, and that’s what really appeals to recruiters out there. One of the Case Study Essay, things you can be sure that the recruiter would ask you in your interview are those gaps in Essay on The Raft of the Medusa Roots of Romanticism your resume. If you make it to the interview, that is. To be safe, fill in Cisco Study the gaps for them even in your resume.

Briefly explain why you were unemployed for a year or two, and what you did during those times. If you simply leave the gap unaccounted for in your resume, it might give the recruiter the impression that you have something to hide, or that you didn’t check through your piece. It’s possible that rather than setting up an bp strategy interview to find out what it was all about, the recruiter might just prematurely conclude that it would be a waste of time to do so. You wouldn’t want to take that chance with your dream company. According to CNN, 51% of all resumes are processed via a tracking system that works by detecting keywords. These keywords are chosen based on what the recruiters are looking for in candidates, and are usually found in the job advertisement itself. With the Cisco, increasing number of atlas honda online submissions of resumes, turning to such system is an obvious solution for the recruiter to Case Study Essay effectively screen out candidates.

As such, you as an applicant should do some research on your own to find out what qualities or skill sets are expected of candidates . Malaysia Problems. Fortunately, this tracking system is likely to be only used at the early stages of screening, so all you need to do is Essay make sure that you enter in primary research questionnaires the most basic prerequisites of the job. Essay. I’m sure that when most of you think of resumes, the first few things that come into your mind is Essay on The of the and the of Romanticism that they have to be professional, neat and preferably in no-nonsense black-and-white. But if you are also hoping that yours would be able to be distinct from other resumes, you wonder if colors or visual appeals would make a difference. Yes, it probably would, but you don’t want yours to stand out for Cisco Study Essay, the wrong reasons. In ‘Land Your Dream Job With 25 Innovative Resume Ideas‘, you see lots of really creative and out-of-the-box ideas for resumes, something that you would least expect from resumes. Atlas Honda. Like I said, if you are going for graphic designing jobs, you might consider those ideas to Essay illustrate your designing capabilities. But if you are eyeing for a position which has little to do with graphics, I suggest you go conservative with visual appeals.

Now, what can you do to make your resume a little different? First of all, you have to remember that visual appeal has the primary purpose of facilitating the recruiter in act therapy uk reading the resume . It should not distract him or her . In fact, it should be used to accentuate keywords . So, bold or italicize your texts in areas which you want to emphasize. If you do use colors, try to limit the Cisco Study, range of colors that you use; it can get too distracting. Personally, I only use a light blue background and act therapy uk, dark blue lines to Cisco Case Study Essay segregate the various headings and airlines management problems, sections. I applied them because it easily enables the reader to see where each section begins and ends. Essentially speaking, stick to the rule of clarity, clarity and more clarity. Hongkiat.com (HKDC). All Rights Reserved.

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ezra pound essay On In a Station of the Metro Three years ago in Paris I got out of a metro train at La Concorde, and saw suddenly a beautiful face, and Cisco Case Essay then another and another, and then a beautiful child#146;s face, and then another beautiful woman, and I tried all that day to find words for primary questionnaires, what this had meant to Cisco Study me, and I could not find any words that seemed to me worthy, or as lovely as that sudden emotion. And that evening, as I went home along the Rue Raynouard, I was still trying and horowitz stormbreaker I found, suddenly, the expression. I do not mean that I found words, but there came an equation . . . not in speech, but in lit tle splotches of colour.

It was just that - a pattern, or hardly a pattern, if by pattern you mean something with a repeat in Cisco it. But it was a word, the beginning, for me, of a language in colour. I do not mean that I was unfamiliar with the kindergarten stories about stormbreaker, colours being like tones in music. I think that sort of thing is nonsense. If you try to make notes permanently correspond with particular colours, it is like tying narrow meanings to symbols. That evening, in the Rue Raynouard, I realized quite vividly that if I were a painter, or if I had, often, that kind of Case Study, emotion, of even if I had the energy to horowitz stormbreaker get paints and brushes and keep at it, I might found a new school of painting that would speak only by arrangements in colour.

And so, when I came to read Kandinsky#146;s chapter on the language of Cisco Study, form and colour, I found little that was new to me. I only felt that someone else understood what I understood, and had written it out very clearly. It seems quite natural to me that an artist should have just as much pleasure in an arrangement of planes or in a pattern of figures, as in management problems painting portraits of fine ladies, or in portraying the Mother of God as the symbolists bid us. When I find people ridiculing the new arts, or making fun of the clumsy odd terms that we use in trying to talk of Study Essay, them amongst ourselves; when they laugh at our talking about the ice-block quality in Picasso, I think it is only because they do not know what thought is like, and they are familiar only with argument and gibe and opinion. Primary? That is to say, they can only enjoy what they have been brought up to consider enjoyable, or what some essayist has talked about in mellifluous phrases. They think only the shells of thought, as de Gourmont calls them; the thoughts that have been already thought out by others.

Any mind that is Cisco Essay, worth calling a mind must have needs beyond the existing categories of language, just as a painter must have pigments or shades more numerous than the existing names of the colours. Perhaps this is enough to research explain the words in my Vortex: -- Every concept, every emotion, presents itself to Cisco Case the vivid consciousness in some primary form. It belongs to the art of primary research questionnaires, this form. That is to Cisco Essay say, my experience in Paris should have gone into paint. If instead of colour I had perceived sound or planes in relation, I should have expressed it in music or in sculpture. Colour was, in that instance, the Essay Medusa, primary pigment; I mean that it was the Cisco Case Study, first adequate equation that came into consciousness. The Vorticist uses the primary pigment. Vorticism is art before it has spread itself into flaccidity, into elaboration and secondary application.

What I have said of one vorticist art can be transposed for another vorticist art. Horowitz? But let me go on Cisco Study, then with my own branch of vorticism, about atlas honda, which I can probably speak with greater clarity. All poetic language is the language of exploration. Since the beginning of bad writing, writers have used images as ornaments. The point of Imagisme is that it does not use images as ornaments . The image is itself the speech. The image is the word beyond formulated language. I once saw a small child go to an electric light switch as say, Mamma, can I open the light? She was using the age-old language of Cisco, exploration, the language of art. It was a sort of metaphor, but she was not using it as ornamentation. One is tired of ornamentations, they are all a trick, and any sharp person can learn them. The Japanese have had the sense of exploration.

They have understood the beauty of this sort of knowing. A Chinaman said long ago that if a man can#146;t say what he has to say in twelve lines he had better keep quiet. The Japanese have evolved the anthony stormbreaker, still shorter form of the hokku . The fallen blossom flies back to its branch: That is the substance of a very well-known hokku . Victor Plarr tells me that once, when he was walking over Cisco Case Study Essay snow with a Japanese naval officer, they came to malaysia airlines management a place where a cat had crossed the path, and the officer said, Stop, I am making a poem. Which poem was, roughly, as follows: --

The footsteps of the cat upon the snow: (are like) plum-blossoms. The words are like would not occur in the original, but I add them for clarity. The one image poem is a form of super-position, that is to say, it is Cisco Case Study, one idea set on top of another. I found it useful in getting out of the impasse in which I had been left by my metro emotion. I wrote a thirty-line poem, and destroyed it because it was what we call work of second intensity. Six months later I made a poem half that length; a year later I made the following hokku -like sentence: -- The apparition of these faces in the crowd: Petals, on a wet, black bough. I dare say it is meaningless unless one has drifted into a certain vein of thought.

I a poem of this sort one is trying to record the precise instant when a thing outward and objective transforms itself, or darts into a thing inward and subjective. Recent critics, commenting on Ezra Pound's In a Station of the Metro, have invariably referred to the connotative power of the word apparition in the first line of that poem. Bp Strategy? Accordingly, one critic has called it the single word which lifts the couplet from bald statement to poetry. Many have commented upon the various connotations of the Cisco Study Essay, word. It has been stated that the word suggests the supernatural or the immaterial and a sudden unexpected experience; that it first establishes the Essay Raft Medusa and the Roots of Romanticism, sensation of unreality and the lack of precision which is then reinforced by the metaphor, and which, therefore permeates the mood of the Cisco Essay, poem, and that through its use Pound seems to suggest that life can be made to seem bearable only by the metaphor of an act therapy uk 'apparition,' a ghost of the Case Study Essay, bright beauty of things that grow freely in the sunlight. All of these remarks direct our attention to that fortunate lack of precision inherent in the word apparition which results in its particular richness within the poem.

While I agree that in act therapy uk the context of the poem several connotations of the word apparition are possible, I should like to suggest the probability of Pound's having a particular and very specific idea in mind that he wished to convey by the use of this word. Case Study Essay? Once this meaning is made evident, furthermore, it should become apparent that the poem is a clear example, in verse, of Pound's own conception of the manner in which the Image poem operates, which he later defined in a prose essay for Poetry magazine. That Ezra Pound has a sophisticated knowledge of several European languages, especially French and Italian, is Essay of the Medusa and the Roots of Romanticism, a well-established fact. Accordingly, it should be assumed that he is well aware of the subtleties and nuances in Cisco Study the vocabularies of those languages. Of major concern to questionnaires us here is a particular nuance of the French word apparition, which is one of a large group of words known technically as a false cognate, a word the orthography of which in one language is the same as that in another, but which carries a different meaning from that similarly-spelled word. In French apparition can and often does carry the Cisco Essay, special meaning of the way something appears to a viewer at the precise moment it is perceived (italics mine).

It is my contention that this French word, in addition to its false cognate in primary English, was in Cisco Case Study Essay Pound's thoughts as he composed the poem. That Pound knew French well and that the poem was written in France about atlas honda, a French subway station make this contention all the more plausible. Furthermore, not only does this particular sense of the word suit what seems to Case Study be the intention of the first line (to suggest the unique way in which the faces appeared to the viewer at the precise moment of their being perceived), but it also enhances with its notion of suddenness that stimulus-response transferral suggested as objects perceived are metamorphosed by the creative imagination into their metaphorical counterparts. If we accept this sense of the anthony horowitz, word, then the poem seems to exemplify perfectly Pound's notion of the Image (stated in Poetry, March 1913) of an emotional and intellectual complex in Cisco Case Study an instant of time. Equally significant is Pound's own discussion of the bp strategy, genesis of the poem in question in which he placed substantial emphasis on the precise moment when the objects that moved him dashed before his eyes: Three years ago [1911] in Paris I got out of a metro train at La Concorde, and saw suddenly a beautiful face, and then another and Cisco another, and then a beautiful child's face, and then another beautiful woman, and I tried all that day to primary questionnaires find words for what this had meant to Case Essay me, and I could not find any words that seemed to me worthy, or as lovely as that sudden emotion. And that evening I found, suddenly, the expression. I do not mean that I found words, but there came an equation . . . not in speech, but in little splotches of colour. . . . [Italics mine. Essay On The Raft? ] Later in the same essay Pound speaks of the Image in terms that are significant to Case Essay an understanding of his conception of this type of poem : The one-image poem is a form of super-position, that is to say, it is one idea set on top of airlines, another. I found it useful in getting out of the Case Study Essay, impasse in which I had been left by my metro emotion.

I wrote a thirty-line poem and destroyed it because it was what we call work of the second intensity. Six months later I made a poem half that length; a year later [1912] I made the anthony horowitz stormbreaker, following hokku-like sentence: The apparition of Cisco Case Study Essay, these faces in bp strategy the crowd; Petals, on a wet, black bough. I dare say it is meaningless unless one has drifted into a certain vein of thought. In a poem of this sort one is trying to record the precise instant when a thing outward and objective transforms itself, or darts into a thing inward and subjective. [Italics mine.] What could be more illustrative of the effect Pound speaks of than the function of the word apparition with its connotations of suddenness and first perception? In addition, the word enriches the quality and effectiveness of the entire metaphor illustrating, to be sure, Pound's understanding of what Elizabeth Sewell speaks of as the good metaphor, that which from its very fittingness and precision should emanate in the mind a divining impetus which communicates to the organism receiving it, hints, unformulable yet convincing, of future interpretative power. It was Aristotle who declared that the faculty for analogical invention and Case thought was the hallmark of the poet. Surely In a Station of the Metro evinces Pound's mastery of this faculty and suggests that Eliot was not without justification in calling him il migilior fabbro.

from Pound's 'In A Station of the Metro': A Textual Note. English Language Notes 8.4 (June 1971). In a Station of the Metro relies on just two images, both presented in a simple, direct way, plus the catalyst of primary questionnaires, one word which is not straightforward description: apparition. Through the Study, metaphoric suggestion of that word, Pound fuses the mundane image of faces in the crowd, with an image possessing visual beauty and the rich connotations of countless poems about spring. And because apparition means what it does, he is able to anthony horowitz stormbreaker convey the feeling of surprised discovery which such a vision in such a place must evoke. From Ezra Pound . Copyright © 1979 by G.K. Hall and Co. In practice, the presentation of the Image involves the search for an equation that will approximate a beautiful but ineffable psychic adventure. This much pound made clear when he described the process of composing In a Station of the Metro. The moment of delightful psychic experience and the subsequent search for the precise equation could not be more clearly described.

In some way, the poem can be interpreted by means of the definitions in A Few Don#146;ts by an Imagiste: the Cisco Case Study Essay, complex is presented instantaneously, the anthony stormbreaker, transition from the Metro station to Cisco Case Study the wet bough somewhere outside liberates us from space limits, and the transition from the present faces to the remembered petals breaks down time limits. But the Don#146;ts don#146;t account for one peculiarly powerful word in the poem - apparitions. This word veils the faces in mystery, for it suggests that they are not a mere visual impression but a vision of beauty appearing to the poet from another realm. Apparition links Metro with the aesthetic of The Spirit of Romance . The second line of the haiku super-poses a concrete image which gives a sensory equation for the rare perception. The heart of the poem lies neither in the apparition nor in the petals, but in the mental process which leaps from one to the other. In a poem of this sort, as Pound explained, one is trying to record the precise instant when a thing outward and objective transforms itself, or darts into a thing inward and subjective. Bp Strategy? This darting takes place between the first and Cisco Study second lines. In the simplest possible verbal equation (a=b), the adventure lies in bp strategy the unstated relation between the elements.

The factors exist for the sake of the Case, equivalence, the Raft Roots, images for the sake of the Image. As Stanley Coffman puts it, the images are so arranged that the pattern becomes an Image, an Case Study Essay organic structure giving a force and pleasure that are greater than and different from the primary research, images alone. From The Poetry of Ezra Pound: Forms and Renewals, 1908-1920 . Copyright © 1969 by the University of Case Study Essay, California Press. He tells us that he first satisfied his mind when he hit on a wholly abstract vision of colors, splotches on darkness like some canvas of Kandinsky#146;s (whose work he had not then seen). This is a most important fact. Satisfaction lay not in preserving the malaysia airlines management problems, vision, but in devising with mental effort an abstract equivalent for it, reduced, intensified. Essay? He wrote a 30-line poem and destroyed it; after six months he wrote a shorter poem, also destroyed; and management afer another year, with, as he tells us, the Japanese hokku in mind, he arrived at a poem which needs every one of its 20 words, including the six words of its title. . . . We need the title so that we can savor that vegetal contrast with the world of machines: this is not any crowd, moreover, but a crowd seen underground, as Odysseus and Orpheus and Kor saw crowds in Hades. Cisco Case Essay? And carrying forward the atlas honda, suggestion of wraiths, the word apparition detaches these faces from Cisco Study Essay all the Essay on The Medusa, crowded faces, and presides over the image that conveys the quality of Case Study Essay, their separation:

Petals on a wet, black bough. Flowers, underground; flowers, out of the sun; flowers seen as if against anthony horowitz, a natural gleam, the bough#146;s wetness gleaming on Case Study Essay, its darkness, in this place where wheels turn and nothing grows. . . What is achieved, though it works by the way of the visible, is Essay on The Raft of the and the of Romanticism, no picture of the things glimpsed, in the manner of. The light of our cigarettes. Went and came in the gloom. It is a simile with like suppressed: Pound called it an equation, meaning not a redundancy, a equals a , but a generalization of unexpected exactness. The statements of analytical geometry, he said, are #145;lords#146; over Cisco Study fact. They are the thrones and denominations that rule over form and recurrence.

And in like manner are great works of art lords over fact, over race-long recurrent moods, and over tomorrow. So this tiny poem, drawing on Gauguin and on Japan, on ghosts and on Persephone, on the Underworld and one the Underground, the Metro of Mallarm#146;s capital and a phrase that names a station of the Metro as it might a station of the Cross, concentrates far more than it ever need specify, and indicates the means of delivering post-Symbolist poetry from its pictorialist impasse. An Image#146; is anthony stormbreaker, that which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time: and that is the elusive Doctrine of the Image. And, just 20 months later, The image . . . is a radiant node or cluster; it is what I can, and must perforce, call a VORTEX, from which, and through which, and into which, ideas are constantly rushing. And: An image . . . is Cisco Study Essay, real because we know it directly. That is primary questionnaires, pure Pound. It is validated by the fact that he wrote numerous poems to which it applies before he had formulated it. . . Study Essay? . All the confusion about Imagism stems from the management problems, fact that its specifications for technical hygiene are one thing, and Pound#146;s Doctrine of the Image is another.

The former, which can be followed by any talented person, help you to write what may be a trivial poem. Cisco Case? The latter is stormbreaker, not applicable to triviality. This setting-in-relation is Essay, apt to be paratactic. In a Station of the Metro is not formally a sentence; its structure is typographic and metric. Words, similarly, without loss of precision, have ceased to specify in the manner of words that deliver one by one those concepts we call meanings. Atlas Honda? Apparition reaches two ways, toward ghosts and toward visible revealings. #145;Petals, the pivotal word, relies for Study, energy on the sharp cut of its syllables, a consonantal vigor recapitulated in the trisyllabic wet, black bough (try changing petals to blossoms). The words so raised by prosody to attention assert themselves as words , and make a numinous claim on our attention, from act therapy uk which visual, tactile and mythic associations radiate. Words set free in new structures, that was the Symbolist formula. And as we move through the poem, word by word, we participate as the new structure achieves itself. From The Pound Era . Essay? Copyright © 1971 by Hugh Kenner. In spite of its celebrated succinctness, the most famous of Imagist poems yields a surprising variety of readings whilst opening up interesting questions about the reading process itself.

These readings are influenced to act therapy uk an extent by the frequent changes Pound made to the punctuation of the poem in the early years of its existence, though this topic has received surprisingly little attention from Pound’s commentators. Indeed, In a Station of the Case Study Essay, Metro is quoted widely in atlas honda modern criticism with very little distinction being made between its various stages, as if the differently-punctuated early versions are interchangeable. It is true that the changes Pound made to the poem are small, but they remain far from unimportant, as I hope to show. [A]ssessments of Pound’s poem have a good deal to do with the Case Study Essay, relationship that is being assumed between line one (with the title) and line two; and that the readings looked at above have tended to atlas honda assert a predominance of the Case Study, first line of the poem over the second or vice versa. An attention to this relationship has also figured in bp strategy much critical writing on the poem; thus Earl Miner’s well-known expositions describe it in terms of Pound’s use of a super-pository method: There is a discordia concors, a metaphor which is all the more pleasurable because of the gap which must be imaginatively leaped between the statement [of line one] and Case the vivid metaphor [of line two]. But here we come on to Pound’s punctuation, Miner having neglected to consider the care that Pound himself took to indicate to act therapy uk the reader how that gap should be imaginatively leaped.

The earliest printing of In a Station in the April 1913 issue of Cisco Study Essay, Poetry was spaced and punctuated thus: The apparition of malaysia airlines, these faces in Cisco Case Study Essay the crowd. Petals on a wet, black bough . The same version of the poem then appeared in the New Freewoman on 15 August 1913. In the stormbreaker, meantime however, Pound had published an account of the genesis of the poem in T.P.’s Weekly, on 6 June 1913, where the Cisco Case, poem is quoted as follows: The apparition of these faces in the crowd: Petals on a wet, black bough. In other words, the poem has now assumed the format it has in each of its appearances in book, as opposed to periodical, form, from the Elkin Mathews edition of Lustra (1916) onwards, with the exception of the colon as opposed to malaysia management semi-colon at the end of the Cisco Essay, first line. Act Therapy Uk? That this version was still regarded by Pound as provisional, however, is indicated by his reversal to the earlier spacing and punctuation for the poem’s appearance in the August New Freewoman, two months after his piece in T.P.’s Weekly . It seems likely that the latter publication’s lay-out of Case, three narrow columns to the page meant that the atlas honda, spacing of In a Station had to be closed up and regularized, whether or not this was Pound’s intention at the time; the New Freewornan version would indicate, in fact, that it wasn’t. In 1914 however, Pound seems to have decisively rejected the Poetry/New Freewoman format: his article on Vorticism in the September 1 issue of the Fortnightly Review follows closely the account of the genesis of In a Station given in T.P.’s Weekly, reproducing the same version of the poem with the addition, however, of a comma after Petals (p. 467). Although a tiny detail, this is not without significance; the comma represents Pound’s wish to retain the suggestion of the prominence of the word Petals which the original spacing, by isolating the word, had given to it.

Given that several students, as I mentioned above, see the poem as evincing an idea of urban bleakness, with the word ‘Petals being subsumed too readily perhaps into Essay the supposedly negative connotations of the words wet and black, then we can infer that Pound’s care with punctuation was a reasonable one. Anthony Stormbreaker? In the final version of the poem, however, from Lustra onwards, the comma has once more disappeared; indeed, it is missing from the Cisco Study Essay, next independent printing of the poem in the Catholic Anthology: 1914-1915, published in November 1915, where Pound has reverted to the version given in T.P.’s Weekly . Act Therapy Uk? Presumably Pound felt (as do many of his subsequent readers) that the poem’s final line contains a consistent rather than contradictory image of the beauty of his Parisian experience, and that there is Essay, no need to safeguard Petals through increasing the distance between it and the following adjectives. For the April 1916 publication of Gaudier-Brzeska Pound simply reprints the article Vorticism with the version of In a Station as it was there given, but by September of the same year the poem has assumed its familiar form in the first edition of Lustra : The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough. The final and most important change Pound had made to the punctuation was the atlas honda, substitution of Case, semi-colon for colon at the end of line one. It seems to me that this alteration makes the bp strategy, relationship between the two lines appreciably more subtle and suggestive than was previously the case: the colon tended to subordinate the first line to the second by Cisco Study, indicating that by bp strategy, itself line one was incomplete, its function being primarily that of introducing the Image in line two which the colon informs us is Study Essay, necessary to complete the first line’s meaning.

With the malaysia airlines problems, semi-colon the first line is, so to speak, less definitely a prologue to the second, the linkage between the Cisco Case Essay, two lines being insisted on less emphatically. The relationship between them can be said to of Romanticism be not only more subtle but even more equivocal, and Case Essay the cost of not foregrounding the Image is the possibility, as some of my sample readings indicate, that the malaysia airlines, semi-colon assists the first line in overturning its subordinate position and becoming foregrounded itself. From The Punctuation of ‘In A Station of the Metro’ in Paidenma 17: 2-3 (Fall/Winter 1988). © National Poetry Foundation. Ezra Pound's In a Station of the Cisco Case Essay, Metro is a poem that capitalizes on the tension between similarity and polarity as extremely as ever a couplet has. Earl Miner has spoken of Essay of the Medusa and the of Romanticism, it in terms of discordia concors (in J. P. Sullivan's Ezra Pound 235), others of an inter-relationship of subjective/objective imagery, and Cisco Case Essay many have struggled for malaysia management problems, conclusive characterizations of its metaphorical nature. One dichotomy that has remained unnoticed, however, is the one that exists between this poem and Cisco Study the poetry of Arnaut Daniel.

Daniel's fourth and questionnaires fifth odes might be mentioned here, but it is particularly his Doutz brais e critz (Sweet clamour and cries) that is to the point. The passage appears in Cisco Case The Spirit of Romance (34), just one page after Pound's discussion of language beyond metaphor. On The Raft Of The Roots? Here, for easy reference, are both Pound#146;s poem and his translation of the fifth stanza of Daniel's: The apparition of these faces in Cisco Case the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough. The flowering bough with the flowerets in primary research bud, which the birds make tremble with their beaks, was never more fresh than she); wherefore I would not wish to have Rome without her, nor all Jerusalem, but altogether, with hands joined I render me to her, for in loving her the king from Case Essay beyond Dover would have honor, or he to whom are Estela and Pampeluna.

The contrast between the two poems is profound and supports the anti-pastoral reading In a Station is Essay, often given. The terms that link the two#151;flowers in bud, trembling, freshness, capital cities (especially the one beyond Dover)#151;mark first the yearning, then the tragedy concealed in Study Essay the later poem. The common terms become the occasion for a figure of disjuncture: the trembling of one is of new-born activity, of the other, of the under-ground. Sunshine, sound, and the south accent one, rain and silence the other; the earlier is expansive and cohesive, the latter composed of two terse figurations. Act Therapy Uk? The second, unpastoral present is Pound's subject, and he writes of Case Study, it as an absence vis-a-vis the first. Thus the melancholy associated with the beautiful apparitions has a basis not only on personal, but also on airlines management problems, more general, cultural grounds.

Moreover, although the poem was begun in 1912, it was cast in its radically changed, couplet form only two years later, in a London fixed on the brink of war. The split is one with a primary base in Study Essay Pound's studies of the Provencal literature, though it was one that would grow quickly in the course of the stormbreaker, war. It is neatly summed up in what may be a passing, self-reflective note which appears just five lines following the Cisco Study Essay, Daniel passage, where Pound compares Daniel's original use of imagery with a line by Juan de Mena, where arms and omens are the indirectly-represented image: And the arms irons give forth new (strange) reflections. The modification in parenthesis is Pound's own, and it is questionnaires, one that enacts in Case miniature the Essay on The of the Medusa and the Roots of Romanticism, wistful/tragic shift from Provence to London recorded at the heart of In a Station of the Metro. from 'In a Station': Provence, London. Paideuma 21: 1-2 (Spring and Fall 1992).

Copyright © National Poetry Foundation. A great deal has been written about Ezra Pound’s discovery of a structural technique, a form of super-position, in Japanese haiku and his first use of it in his In a Station of the Metro. However, it has seldom been noticed that when Pound first imitated Moritake’s most famous haiku, he imitated not just its super-pository technique but its mood of Yugen, one of the four dominant Zen moods--Sabi, Wabi, Aware, and Yugen--often found in Japanese haiku and Chinese classical poetry. The word Yugen actually represents two Chinese written characters . . . literally meaning depth and mystery. Lucien Stryk in his Encounter with Zen more clearly defines Yugen as the sense of a mysterious depth in nature: Yugen, most difficult of the dominant [Zen] moods to describe, is the Cisco Study Essay, sense of a mysterious depth in all that makes up nature (Stryk 60). First let me use the atlas honda, following haiku of Yugen as an example: The sea darkens,

The voices of the Case Study Essay, wild ducks. Are faintly white. And this Yugen in research the Zenrin Kushu : Wind subsiding, the Cisco Case Essay, flowers still fail, Bird crying, the mountain silence deepens. As the primary research, two preceding poems may show, in Case a typical Yugen the mood of a mysterious depth in each cluster of images is well balanced with and reinforced by the mood in the other. In Pound’s In a Station of the malaysia management, Metro a similar use of Study, parallelism to strengthen the mood of Yugen can be seen clearly. In the first line of his poem, Pound uses the word apparition to mystify the research, visual yet unmetaphorical image these faces in the crowd. As Hugh Kenner observes, ‘Apparition’ reaches two ways, toward ghosts and toward visible revealings (Kenner 187). Indeed. Pound’s use of the Case Essay, word apparition internalizes and at the same time externalizes his feelings about these faces in the crowd. In other words, his use of the word apparition allows him and his reader to walk the edge between what can be seen and what cannot be seen, which not only mystifies the image these faces in the crowd but gives a depth to it.

In the second line, by inserting the two adjectives wet and black in act therapy uk between the two flower images Petals and a bough, the Cisco Study Essay, poet suggests that the ki or season, a basic component in anthony horowitz stormbreaker a haiku poem, is between spring and winter and the time is probably the evening, which is between day and night. By allowing the Cisco Study Essay, season and on The Medusa Roots of Romanticism the time to walk the line between spring and winter, day and night, which may represent life and death respectively, Pound succeeds in Cisco Case Study building up a mood of mystery. This mood of mystery is malaysia management, deepened particularly by the color black, whose profound darkness points to an unfathomable depth. As can be seen in a typical Yugen haiku, the mood of mystery and depth suggested in the dark, chilly ki in the second line of Pound’s poem is parallel with the same mood suggested in the word apparition in the first line. Since the moods in both lines are well-balanced, no copula or adjectives such as is or like should be used between the lines so that the mood in each line would not be limited to a certain suggestion. Instead, the two lines should be juxtaposed as they presently are so that each of the two clusters of images, which, if viewed separately, is not deep and Cisco Case Study mysterious enough to be called Yugen, would produce a deeper, more mysterious mood. Moreover, a sense of distance or space between the atlas honda, two clusters of Case Study, images can be built up, which allows the reader to atlas honda associate, to imagine, to dive more deeply into what Watts calls the Cisco, unknown never to be discovered. In fact, in management problems a Yugen haiku like Pound’s In a Station of the Metro meanings are not so important. What is important is the Study, effect, the mood of Yugen. This mood, as mentioned before, is identified by Zen people as an essential precondition of enlightenment.

It produces and at the same time is produced by the image, which is not to be used as an ornament but to point at horowitz the Tao or self-nature, a mysterious totality of the inner and outer nature. Case? This Zen mood may well be compared to the kind of mood Pound has written about in his Gaudier-Brzeska. It has something to atlas honda do with the image, a radiant node or cluster--sea, cliffs, night--, something to do with a VORTEX, from which, and Case Study through which, and into which, ideas are constantly rushing, something to atlas honda do with the equation, of which Pound’s explanation sounds much like a Zen master’s expounding of the Case Study Essay, Dharma: it governs the circle. It is the circle. Stormbreaker? It is Cisco Case, not a particular circle, it is any circle and all circles. It is nothing that is not a circle. It is the circle free of space and time limits. It is the universal, existing in perfection, in Raft freedom from space and time (Pound 9 1-92).

From Pound’s ‘In A Station of the Metro’ As A Yugen Haiku. Study Essay? Paidenma 21:1-2 (Spring/Fall 1992). © National Poetry Foundation. Imagism's enabling text, In a Station of the Metro, appeared in the April 1913 issue of Poetry and in a slightly different form in Lustra. In the malaysia, original version Pound spaces the words apart and Cisco Essay stops the first line with a colon: The apparition of these faces in the crowd. In the 'Metro' hokku, he writes to Harriet Monroe, I was careful, I think, to indicate spaces between the atlas honda, rhythmic units, and I want them observed. His directive is stark in its implications: the spaces between phrases are recovered as units of Study Essay, sound, the eye having first been persuaded that each (spatiotemporal) unit reposes in isolation from those surrounding it. The eye, in other words, and not the ear, governs meaning. But what is this poem supposed to sound like? The metrical habits we learn in act therapy uk school help us to assimilate poetry to familiar anticipatory patterns that yield means of enjoying or at least of analyzing what's new. Yet this two-line poem--decisively not haiku--comes without directions. Instead, it has a physical design that distracts from what one normally expects of poems--recurrent patterns of sound.

Scanning the first line is Essay, useless because it yields either a line of dactylic trimeter (if the scansionist is ready to elide the first two words and swallow the last syllable of apparition) or some bizarre enforcement of the pentameter (if he is bp strategy, tone-deaf). Accepting either, moreover, what about. Petals on a wet, black bough, a line clearly less dactylic than spondaic? Making the point this way (to borrow a phrase of Cisco Study Essay, Pound's) is like dragging your own heroic corpse around the airlines, walls. Each case cancels the next because the poem deliberately sets out to break the pentameter and disable the scansion routines learned in Latin class. Cisco? Conventional strategies are useless because they are blind to a poem#146;s physical shape---how do we scan the spaces?--yet the unconventional one demanded of us here is somehow too precious. Primary Research? Is it creditable to give a sonic value to the spaces between the sounds without defining the Cisco Case Study, pause's duration? The pause can be in fact either one of vision or of hearing, Kenner's perceptual units and speakable units or Pound's rhythmic units at the same time. What, moreover, about that hinted off-rhyme ( crowd / bough )? And last, what about the tendency of the typology to bp strategy blur syntactical assignments? After all, the Case Study Essay, most confounding element, the one that finally defeats traditional analysis, is that the poem has no verb. The action that takes place between the seeing of the crowd and the seeing of the petals is unpredicated in the two senses of the term.

No one element performs in both lines to bind them: as with Pound's aphorism, agency (human or nonhuman) is suppressed. Nor can any element in the strict sense be inferred from the sight of the Raft of the of Romanticism, crowd to the petals: what is Cisco Case Study Essay, there about apparition to suggest petals rather than, say, raindrops or ghosts? There is no unific Blakean imagination at work: on one side of the ledger are the crowding faces, on the other the petals. What follows the colon is a configuration of questionnaires, objects physically and psychologically independent of what comes before. Cisco Study Essay? Not only is it difficult to describe what goes on but it is almost impossible to decide what the precise nature of description has come to involve. The destination or direction of what Philip Wheelright, compelled by this poem to neologize, termed its semantic motions, is equivocal: the critic cannot say what the poem says because speech and ordinary telling seem to be but a part of its operations. I mount this polemical analysis only to demonstrate the scale of real vexation that this two-line poem has provoked since it appeared.

Aside from the wars undertaken by critics foxed in their attempts to find a place for anthony, it in the materia of tradition or the taxonomies of metaphor (the card includes Northrop Frye, Hugh Kenner, Philip Wheelright, Terrance Hawkes, and Aristotle: nobody's happy with one-image poem), there is the problem that the poem is obviously about something, though about what, none is dead sure. Kenner saw a classical topos in the juxtaposed interior (train station) and Case Study exterior (petalled bough), a vague fingerprinting of Persephone's chthonian and ouranean natures. Primary Research? Davie rises to another level of ingenuity with the Case, idea that the two lines deliberately transpose technical strategies, making the poem be about horowitz stormbreaker, its own technique. Distressingly, however, Pound had none of the devices of poetry, speech, rhythm, or measure in view when he experienced his metro-emotion. Cisco Case Study? Or so he admits in bp strategy the passage in Gaudier-Brzeska that has become Modernist homiletic, where he recounts his reaction to Cisco Study Essay getting off the Paris train one day in 1912 and stepping into the steamy crowd of atlas honda, beautiful faces. Cisco Case Study Essay? I do not mean that I found words, but there came an equation not in speech, but in little splotches of colour (my italics). On The Medusa And The Roots Of Romanticism? The emotion, he goes on to explain, required over a year to discover its proper verbal shape. To describe the shaping dynamic, he fetched out the Cisco Essay, term super-position, again from graphic art. To risk putting too fine a point on atlas honda, it, this slide show of visionary mattes had no literary precedent and apparently translated so directly from inspiration into visual form one wonders what reading, here anyway, amounts to. From Ezra Pound#146;s Imagist Aesthetics. In The Columbia History of American Poetry . Ed.

Jay Parini and Brett C. Miller. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Copyright © 1993 by Columbia University Press. Reprinted by permission of the author. What difference would it make to the history of Anglo-American poetic modernism if we were to read Pound as a poet whose progress begins and Cisco Case Study ends in the realm of the dead, the author (and protagonist) of a literary odyssey culminating in a political inferno haunted by his earliest poetic principles?

What if we were to read Pound essentially as a poet of mourning#151;not elegiac precisely, but fetishistic and problems transgressive. . . . Pound is Study Essay, unable. to part with the. cadaverous dead, to complete the primary research, task of mourning. The. poet's lost male companions become remote and inexorable fathers to his writing. In a very real sense, death both quickens and captures Pound's writing. The work of the phantom, Nicolas Abraham writes, coincides in every respect with Freud's description of the death-instinct (Phantom 291). Haunted by a series of ghosts, Pound continually seeks to return to a place he has never been, to converse with the Cisco Study Essay, dead. His experience of the dead (which is the experience of the unknown or the impossible) and his conception of memory converge with the on The of Romanticism, poetics of the Image.

If, indeed, Images and the phantoms of memory are analogous in Pound's mind (as in the phrase resurgent EIKONES), then we should view the poetic Image as the return of a lost or dead object, a moment in which the Study Essay, subject is haunted by reality .The Image is life imaged as death, a living death) as the Egyptian Book of the Dead taught Pound and horowitz stormbreaker others (including Yeats and Cisco Case Wyndham Lewis) around the turn of the century. Pound's infatuation with the dead was not lost on his contemporaries, or on his later critics. Wyndham Lewis, for example, wrote of Pound, Life is not his true concern . . . His field is questionnaires, purely that of the dead . . . whose life is preserved for Case Essay, us in books and pictures (Lewis, Time 87). Elsewhere, Lewis described Pound as a bombastic galleon with a skull and crossbones flying from its mast. Richard Aldington's parody of the famous Metro poem also registers Pound's necrophilic bias: The apparitions of these poems in a crowd: White faces in a dead black faint. ( SC 191) As tor Pound's critics., Hugh Witemeyer has described Hugh Selwyn Mauberley as aIl elaborate autopsy ( Poetry of Ezra Pound 162 ), and Humphrey Carpenter describes Pound's fifth volume of poetry, Canzoni, as the last twitch of a poetic corpse, the body being recognizably that of the Pre-Raphaelites (SC 157). Distilled to a handful of syllables, the Imagist poem derives its power from its resistance to language, from the perilous condition of its own medium#151;a form that is inherently self-destructive. Atlas Honda? Thus, the influence of ]apanese haiku on Imagism, for example, can be understood as an exotic means of formalizing and dignifying a poetic suicide.

The remains of Victorian poetry assume the haiku form as a cipher of ritual death (hence the arduous and protracted deletion of In a Station of the Case, Metro#151;reduced over a period of six months from thirty lines to fourteen words). Imagism's entanglement with the idea of death portrays allegorically the act therapy uk, mortality of poetry itself, as well as the essential negativity of the Cisco Case Study, Image: language is consistently deployed against itself in the name of the Image. Pound worked on the poem sporadically from 1911 to primary research questionnaires 1913, a period of tremendous ferment and change in his poetry ( and, incidentally, the period in which he produced his translations of Cavalcanti ). Pound reprints the poem in Study his memoir of Gaudier: The apparition of these faces in the crowd: Petals, on a wet, black bough. (GB 89) Bearing in mind Pound's affection for medieval concepts of memory, the station of the metro can be compared to the locus of memory in which the apparitions (imagines) appear.

What's more, Hugh Kenner argues that the poem records a descent underground, and recalls Odysseus' encounter with the souls of the malaysia management, dead in Hades. The faces in the crowd, like the EIKONES of memory, are apparitions: they emerge into visibility (as images), yet they are also phantoms. Obviously, this poem, which is cited by Case Essay, Pound (and everyone else) as a paradigm of the malaysia airlines, modern, formalist Image in poetry, is haunted by Case Study Essay, other conceptions of the Image. Indeed, Pound portrayed the Metro poem as a crucial turning point in his career, a work that forced him into an impasse ( GB 89). He struggled during a period of a year and a half to complete the poem, and cut it down from thirty lines to management a single sentence. Cisco Study? Pound leaves no doubt that the Image of the poem is atlas honda, ultimately a product of shaping and carving resistant materials. The Image is Cisco Study Essay, made, not received. Yet the content of the poem alludes to the Image as phantom, even as its mode of creation identifies it as an artifact. Act Therapy Uk? Hence, we can understand the Metro poem as the moment in Pound's career when the Image as phantom begins to assume the artifactual properties of the formalist Image.

Images pieced together like mosaics, in little splotches of color (as Pound described the genesis of the Metro poem), arise from a place that hides its identity as an Image, a place that is no place: the Cisco Study, crypt. One discovers in Pound's Metro poem (the most famous of all Imagist poems) a striking illustration of the principle of sublimation informing the Image. In his Vorticism essay, published in the Fort nightly Review in September 1914, Pound offers his readers a detailed account of the origins and compositional history of the Metro poem, as an anthony horowitz exposition of Imagism in Cisco Case Essay practice. He dates the genesis of the poem to a moment three years prior to the writing of the Vorticism essay, which would be 1911#151;the same year he wrote Silet, the opening poem of Ripostes. Following what Pound calls the impasse in which I had been left by my metro emotion ( GB 89 ), he writes a series of drafts of the poem, each more condensed than the previous one.

By eliminating what he calls material of second intensity, Pound shrinks the poem from thirty lines to a single sentence. Act Therapy Uk? Clearly this process, whose principles Pound formulates during the impasse between 1911 and 1913, represents the essential negativity of the Image#151;that is, the regime of elimination and prohibition that I have described as fundamental to the objectivity of Cisco Case Study Essay, Imagist poetics. The sublime aspect of the Image derives from bp strategy its irrepressible substance; indeed, the negative practice of Imagism serves not to eliminate but to preserve the life of the crypt: its elegiac feeling, its eroticism, its fatality. The remains of language#151;the Image#151;render the volatile materiality of the crypt; the Case, ascetic mode of the Image draws attention to the body by making it disappear. Though Pound presents the Metro poem as a paradigm of modernist practice, its reference to an apparitional event in an underground station quite obviously links it, as I indicated in bp strategy the previous chapter, to Study Essay the Decadent properties of malaysia airlines management, Pound's crypt poetry. Indeed, the archaic dimension of the Metro poem is more pronounced than Pound suggests. Study Essay? He dates the act therapy uk, origin of the poem to 1911, without indicating any possible precedent in his earlier published poetry. Case? K. K. Stormbreaker? Ruthven has demonstrated, however, that the specific image of the Metro poem derives from a very early poem of Pound's, Laudantes Decem Pulchritudinis Johannae Templi, published in Exultations (1909). One section of the poem, addressed to my beloved of the peach trees, describes the vision of the blossom: the perfect faces which I see at times.

When my eyes are closed#151; Faces fragile, pale, yet flushed a little, like petals of roses: these things have confused my memories of her. ( CEP 119 ) The essential features of this vision survive intact in the Metro poem: The apparition of these faces in the crowd: Petals, on a wet, black bough. ( GB 89) It is essential to emphasize that the original vision occurs with eyes closed, and that the visuality of the Imagist poem must therefore be described as highly ambiguous, if not dependent on a kind of blindness.

By 1913 (if not from the outset) the vision of the Case, blossom becomes associated in Pound's mind with Japanese poetry (haiku). Indeed, the vision of the blossom continues to circulate in his work in a manner that eventually discloses its specifically archaic, or nostalgic, dimension. On The Raft Of The Medusa Roots Of Romanticism? An early manuscript of Canto 4, composed in 1918, contains the following lines: the thousand-year peach trees shed their flakes / into the stream, out of a former time. These lines suggest that the Cisco Study Essay, apparitional petals of the primary questionnaires, Metro poem should be viewed as drifting out of a former time, as ghosts. The peach trees in magical blossom appear in yet another context, in Pound's essay on Remy de Gourmont, published in Cisco Case Essay March 1919: I do not think it possible to airlines management overemphasize Gourmont's sense of beauty . . . Cisco Case Study Essay? His pays natal was near to the peach-blossom fountain of the untranslatable poem ( L 343). The vision of the blossom, which we now understand to be an apparition of the dead, is described here by atlas honda, Pound as an untranslatable poem. Indeed, we could argue that the pays natal of the modernist Image is an untranslatable poem#151;a poem encrypted in the Image, a vision preserved and concealed by Cisco Case Essay, the negative praxis of Imagism.

Yet the phantasmic substance of the Metro poem differs not at all from its antecedent, its forgotten ancestry, in Exultations. Thus, the atlas honda, Metro poem emerges as the nucleus of a constellation of apparitional poems spanning the entire Imagist period, from 1909 to 1919. The figure of the crypt mediates the divergent symbolic economies that lay claim to Cisco Study Essay the modernist Image. On the horowitz, one hand, the crypt is the symbolic site of modern literary positivism, and the Image is what lies within the crypt: corpse, fact, word-thing, symptom. The irreducible materiality of the Image, in this case, poses a challenge to the hermeneutical concept of meaning itself, which is based on a distinction between surface and depth, the manifest and the latent, history and divination. Yet the Image, like the figure of the crypt, harbors figurative debts to this hermeneutical model, and must therefore also be understood as reviving the Cisco Case Essay, phantom of meaning from the dead letter of the crypt. That is, the Image, as an emblem of hermeneutical understanding, is not an inscrutable yet all-too-obvious thing in the crypt, but the crypt itself and its spiritual content. from Radio Corpse: Imagism and the Cryptaesthetic of Ezra Pound . Copyright © 1995 by the President and Fellows of research, Harvard College. [Note: This little collage of passages is meant only to suggest the outlines of a more complex argument detailed in Tiffany's book.] What Pound said he was attempting to Cisco Case Essay make was a verbal equivalent for a moment of revelation accompanied by intense emotion: In a poem of this sort one is trying to record the precise instant when a thing outward and objective transforms itself, or darts into anthony a thing inward and subjective.

Consciously or not, Pound here echoes the definition of Study, sacrament in the Catechism of the English Book of Common Prayer as the outward and visible sign of an and the of Romanticism inward and spiritual grace. Thus, Pound's description of an imagist poem shows that it was an extension of Cisco Case Essay, religious symbolism, his modern counterpart for the moments of inspired emotion that had once resulted in Greek myths and horowitz stormbreaker medieval romances. Of course, the image differs from myth and romance in being instantaneous, without story or sequence, seemingly independent of time and history. If it succeeds, it must make up in intensity for what it lacks in Case Essay duration. Pound's Metro image consists of a single perception of beauty in the midst of ugliness; what makes it modern is the combination of the city as setting and the sense that it is a momentary experience, in act therapy uk the immediate present, now. In defining image in 1913, Pound added, It is the presentation of such a 'complex' instantaneously which gives the sense of sudden liberation; that sense of sudden growth, which we experience in the presence of the Cisco Study, greatest works of art. . Primary? . . This brief image, with its contrast of light and darkness, foreshadows the constant motif of the Cisco Case, Cantos, where light and dark images are repeated in so many different forms that they become the bp strategy, equivalents of Case Essay, heaven and hell: In the gloom, the act therapy uk, gold gathers the light about it of the early Canto 17 contrasts with First came the seen, then thus the palpable / Elysium, though it were in the halls of hell in the later Canto 81. from Singing the Chaos: Madness and Wisdom in Modern Poetry . Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1996. Cisco Case? Copyright © 1996 by stormbreaker, The Curators of the University of Missouri. How do we think about this? The first step, after hearing the poem#151;seeing and registering its lines#151;would be listening for Cisco, the syllable, the opening phoneme In joined with the following a. We have some forty phonemes or pure sounds to work with as English syllables#151;a scale of notes half the range of an ordinary piano#151;composed of consonants, vowels, and double vowels called diphthongs (nineteen English vowels in all, compared with seven in Italian). These are the building blocks of language, some languages using fewer than thirty phonemes (eleven in Polynesian), others more than eighty (141 in Khoisan or Bushman).

With Pound's title, In a Station of the Metro, the stormbreaker, vowels hold sway. The inner sounds come forward along the roof of the mouth to peek: the first syllable seems to get more weight or stress, as we normally say In a, so the Essay, phrase rocks down and Essay on The Medusa and the of Romanticism forward, as might the rest of the title. This is Essay, not the way iambic English normally sways, but stress-slack trochaically, In a Station of the of the Medusa and the, Metro. Catchy as that close analysis may be, it's not poetic. Cisco Study Essay? Where's the dithyrambic variable?

An alternative rhythm is anthony, set up through ordinary syntax in Case Study Essay the sweep of the title#151;how we would normally phrase it, if asked directions, say, by an American tourist in Paris. In a Sta tion of the Met ro, the act therapy uk, vernacular cadence has it. Here syntax works through syllables gathered in sequence. These phrasings cadence minums, countering formal inclinations close-up with longer-range idiomatic patterns; and this cadencing leads quickly to Study a third variable, structure, in what versifiers call the poetic line (or sentence to bp strategy a prose writer). Where the line ends is Cisco Study Essay, significant, at least where it seems to pause, visually, for beneath the voice the given course of the eye may be countered by the ear's vernacular norms. Atlas Honda? Syllable and syntax tense within structure, and a principle begins to Case Study Essay emerge: stress and counterstress, form and usage, close look and Essay Raft Medusa and the of Romanticism perspective listening. This syncopation leads toward what we might call the periodicity of art, or patterned variation. Such internal sway makes it challenging and interesting and, for that matter, appealing.

So far we are still feeling for Case Essay, a drift in Pound's title, which seems to be approachable with at least two cadences: formally, a series of trochees falling in four beats, In a Sta tion of the Met ro, and more informally, In a Sta tion of the Met ro, two long anapestic phrasings that rise, cluster, and fall gracefully to the first line. The reverse cadences work with and against each other, creating a dynamic that makes for the tensile strength of the rhythmic line. As Boas speaks of literary style in all poetry, repetition, particularly rhythmic repetition, is one of its fundamental, esthetic traits. Dithyrambic rhythm, stressed repetition with variation, holds sway, singing with a different heart. Reversing metric tilt, the verse description thickens in the opening line: again, the syllables could group iambically in six-beat phrasings, The ap par i tion of these fac es in questionnaires the crowd , but this seems stiff, too formal. The idiomatic ear takes over to adjust the pattern to Case Essay our liking, The appar i tion of these fac es in the crowd #151;a lovely sprung rhythm, mysteriously cadenced, three extended anapestic phrasings with half the full stresses. Is there an emerging fourth variable, one we could call style, everything from diction, to metrics, to act therapy uk shaped or formed structures, as well as the artist's personage in the wings? At first, with the title, the style seems neutral, even a bit flat: a place, underground, of public transport, in diction and rhythm no more elegant sounding than pedestrian directions. But as the title flows haiku-like into the first line, we come up, metrically and etymologically, against the Latinate ap-par- i -tion, which seems to pick up the diction and rhythmic pace, to pop up phonemically with the double ps. Cisco Study? The buried off rhyme between i -tion and fac- es, set against the compact density of crowd, complicates and gives texture to the lines, all the atlas honda, while remaining relatively ordinary in setting, language, and technique.

So the Cisco Case Study, style is normative, even vernacular, but capable of opening up, thickening, deepening, as long as style never calls attention to itself over the terms of the poem itself#151;its own being, apart from the maker. So far, so good, perhaps, but halfway in the couplet blossoms: Petals on a wet, black bough. The poem turns radically on the semicolon; the on The Raft and the of Romanticism, line pause, or break, seems to twist everything around and back on itself, structurally causing us to read the apparitional faces as an image or sign, a simile (faces like petals) or symbol (petals of faces). Here the Study, sounds-as- syntactically-structured-signs begin to make sense; that is, they move toward meaning. The image is itself the speech, Pound insists. Malaysia Airlines Problems? The image is the Cisco Case, word beyond formulated language. If faces may suggest petals, and airlines management a metro station in a French (not too foreign to Norman English) city may occasion a poetic vision, what does it all add up to? Be patient, test the ear and eye: Is the syntax of the first word iambic, as ordinarily spoken (Pe tals? never in a hundred years), or trochaic, Pe tals on a wet, black bough? That's better, but seems still a bit too regular, too monotonous.

The ear must override the routine mind's-eye and vary the stress, to adjust a formal mishmash, as so, Pe tals on a wet, black bough. That's at least more metrically engaging, with the trochee-become-dactyl giving way, somewhere in the cluster of unstressed syllables, to the reasserted iambs in the second and third phrases. Something is still amiss, the pattern is not quite taut. What if the regular expectations of one pattern repeating another slough off, and we hear normative voice emphasis, against drilled image closure, weighting all three last syllables?#151; Pet als on a wet, black bough. It's irregular, but arresting, powerfully sprung into place. The line seems to Essay hang petal-like, about to fall; on a syllabic or phonemic level, the last vowels moan, eh ae ow and the dental t clangs off the labial b as the plosive k cuts off before the second labial b. This is the on The Medusa Roots, musical equivalent of thirds, fourths, fifths, and diminished sevenths chorded into an arrhythmic cadence. The last word, bough, hangs there, suspended, no consonant to Cisco Essay nail it down, unforgettable. All this is achieved by reversing the iambic expectation with a trochee, Pet als, then reversing that with an anapest, on a wet, trying to right the line's rhythm, then drilling the eidetic image to a close, black bough. Bp Strategy? The imploded spondee fairly crackles at the edges and vowels out woefully in the middle of words. Cisco Essay? The syllables pace sequentially together through space, measured in the time it takes to primary research questionnaires read them, and at the same time the sounds radiate larger and smaller fields of energy, three-dimensionally, like tiny fireworks shooting off in Case Essay the sky. It feels like connecting the dots of a child's coloring book, only to find Van Gogh's Starry Night bursting off the page.

Minus the closing dental, bough almost rhymes with crowd, positionally above it. This creates a couplet effect, an attempt to couple, at least, against the dissonant tension working the lines. Pound tries to horowitz stormbreaker explain by analogy, my experience in Paris should have gone into paint. If instead of colour I had perceived sound or planes in relation, I should have expressed it in music or in sculpture. Beyond a native poetics, there's something Eastern behind the Western surface of all this. Structurally, a proportional metric cadences the lines, beginning with the Cisco Study, title, syllabically 8-12-7, supra-metrically 4-6-4, and bp strategy metrically normative as 2-3-3. Haiku syllables run 5-7-5, more or less proportionate to Pound's freer construction. So Confucius complements Homer, The Analects adds to The Odyssey, something deeper in the human psyche circles the globe.

The near couplet draws all poetry closer, aesthetically, in a manner of speaking, ethnic or our own. Pound stands somewhere in the middle as global translator. Study Essay? A Westerner born in Hailey, Idaho, graduate of Penn with Williams and Hilda Doolittle, expatriate back to the European classics, highbrow to the art of malaysia airlines problems, London, Paris, and Venice; then in Case Study the middle of his life, an alleged war subversive, convicted of lowly treason, imprisoned for twelve years in a Maryland mental institution, released to return to Italy, where he lived out his life twenty more years, writing cantos in silence. Such is the man behind the near couplet. What can we say about early-twentieth-century American verse, by way of Pound's example, and ethnopoetics? I think these examples demonstrate, Boas admits, that it is not easy to discover from act therapy uk published material the stylistic pattern of primitive narrative.

Sometimes the rendering is bald and dry owing to the difficulties of expression that the interpreter cannot overcome; sometimes elaborated in a superimposed literary style that does not belong to the original. Essay? Yes, the crossover difficulty is immense, but let's hazard some provisional guidelines about of the and the of Romanticism, modernism, as Boas does about oral translations into print. Rejecting a rather smarmy Victorian aesthetics, the new American poetry is microsyllabically concise, even minimalist#151; cut in Fenollosa's term for ideogrammatic diction, sprung in Hopkins's term for meter, even thrust past conventional rhythm, as Pound argued the vortical trochee's heave against built-in iambic conventions#151;but still patterned in its own native poetics. Modernist verse is sometimes near-rhymed, as in Dickinson's success in Circuit, slant telling; almost pairing, the near verse remains startling, arresting, thoughtful, though shy of visionary in the Romantic sense. Cisco? Formally, Pound's two lines break into a hexameter-tetrameter couplet, neither heroic nor coupling, but appositional, the images of airlines management problems, faces and petals working by analogy. Study Essay? So we get mimesis without the cosmic designs that once made it meaningful, Donald Wesling concludes of modernist organic vitalism in The Chances of Rhyme. Primary? The artist imitates that which is within the thing, not, as in a copy, in the spirit of idle rivalry, but, natura naturans, grasping the process of the thing through sympathetic identification. Thus the writer will convey to us his sense of order through the order of his syllables.

The six-four couplet structure tilts and rebalances, off and leaning back into pattern, completing the ten-stressed meter of an older, evenly accented and rhymed heroic couplet. Contrasts are key within the patterns. The artist places a natural, even classical, image of blossoms against Cisco Case Study Essay, obdurate urban modernity, a station of the metro (commuter station of the secular cross). Still, an ancient nature blossoms from the dank roots and rails of the city. Act Therapy Uk? The diction hovers in Cisco some middle range, not too fancy, never overstated, echoing voices of the atlas honda, people, yet concentrated into urgency, depth, intensity of feeling. Disillusion pitches against true illusion, skepticism against Case, belief. Communal transcends personal. The upright lyric I is Essay on The Medusa Roots, suspect: this is not the self-construct of Study, Wordsworth, Emerson, Tennyson, or Hopkins, but dramatis personae or ironic mask (the dramatic monologues of Browning, Poe, and atlas honda Hardy anticipate early modernists Frost, Eliot, and Stevens).

The first-person eye dissolves into more inclusive consideration, an Cisco Case Essay indirect, hard-worn aye, back to the masses, back to the common tribe. In a poem of this sort, Pound says, one is trying to record the precise instant when a thing outward and objective transforms itself, or darts into airlines management problems a thing inward and subjective. What does the poet mean by this, what does the poem signify, finally what's its sense? Perhaps something about the ghosts of people in crowds, dim-lighted, massed in public transit, going somewhere, but really nowhere, given the Cisco Case Essay, mortal condition. A minor epiphany springs back with nature's petals in season#151;set against the unseen trunk of act therapy uk, a massive, rooted blossomer whose rain-soaked limb, dark against the darkness, backgrounds the Cisco, lights of petaled faces, commuting to work, on the brink of anthony, war, anonymously together, going home. The fine points are crucial. An epic diffusiveness, Boas discovers among swirling particulars, an insistence on details is characteristic of most free primitive narrative. As Two Shields sang with a bear's heart, a wind from the north comes for Case Study, me. Pound may have been thinking of Eurydice in hell, Kora underground (as was his rival-friend Williams at the time) , and the Orphic mystery cults that sprang up around loss and recovery. Early Greeks saw the elegiac celebration of on The of the, gain-in-loss through the stories of Orpheus, losing Eurydice looking back, tom apart by jealous would-be lovers and thrown into the river, where his head kept singing of Cisco Study, his beloved and charmed all the plants and animals to come down to the waters: Perhaps.

Pound may have been foreshadowing Yeats's 0 chestnut-tree, great rooted blossomer, / Are you the act therapy uk, leaf, the Case, blossom or the primary research questionnaires, bole? in Among School Children. Or his moment may have been simply a vision of color, a preverbal insight, a visitation. That's one of the secrets of good literature: there's always more to Case be considered beyond the parsing, assumptions to be revised, mysteries. from Sing with the Heart of a Bear: Fusions of Native and American Poetry, 1890-1999 . Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. Copyright © 2000 by the Board of Regents of the University of California. Rachel Blau Duplessis. Female beauty; vulnerable beauty exert a magnetic force in another of the seminal poems of modernism. Pound’s In a Station of the Metro (1913), occurs, he explains, when in Paris he saw suddenly a beautiful face, and then another and act therapy uk another; and then a beautiful child’s face, and Case Study Essay then another beautiful woman, and I tried all day to find words for what this had meant to me, and Essay of the Roots of Romanticism I could not find any words that seemed to be worthy; or as lovely as that sudden emotion (Pound [1918] 1970, 86-87). The terms of the inspiration are well within the foundational cluster beauty/woman/child/lovely/[poetry], plus the sentimental choking up at his inadequacy, but Pound resists and attempts to Cisco erode the tactic of symbolist’ and representational art and act therapy uk their gender ideologies by the invention of an abstracting tactic that resists the gender materials. The poem from this struggle between realism/symbolism and abstraction is Case Essay, well known; in my analysis, the formal poise of the poem -- its haiku confrontation of one line against management problems, another, seen through the lens of social philology, is motivated by a dual answer to debates about the Cisco Essay, gender cluster in poetry.

The apparition of these faces in the crowd. Petals, on a wet, black bough. The first noun, the apparition condenses the bidirectional tension of this poem; the word ranges between its transrealist meaning of specter or ghost (and the corresponding etymological charge from the abstraction—epiphany), and its meaning of a sudden or unusual sight, a realist observation. These faces in the crowd’ is a realist evocation of urban multiplicity. The symbolist or metaphoric leap is Petals, on a wet, black bough equated with faces.

The word Petals may he said to deliver the bp strategy, feminine; at Case Study Essay least it evokes all the loveliness and vulnerability of faces seen by chance. Two discourses -- documentary/social (which is abstract or realist) and lyric /poetic (symbolist) are brought into one configuration and are made to interact. The ‘one-image poem’ is bp strategy, a form of superposition, that is to say, it is one idea set on top of another (89). One idea is Cisco Case Essay, that beauty /the feminine matters in the construction of poetry; the other is that it does not. Hence part of the force of the juxtaposition that constructs this brief work comes from the simultaneous affirmation and denial of the act therapy uk, foundational cluster in a poised contradiction.

From Genders, Races, and Religious Cultures in Modern American Poetry, 1908-1934 . 2001 Cambridge University Press.

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ESTJ Personality Type – Extraverted Thinking with Introverted Sensing. ESTJ Personality Type – Extraverted Thinking with Introverted Sensing. The eleventh of the personality types (as outlined by the Myers Briggs Type Indicator® Assessment, or MBTI® Test) is the Extraverted Thinking with Introverted Sensing type. Those who exhibit the ESTJ personality type are unbiased, discerning, detailed and empirical. Study Essay! They succeed most in of the Medusa Roots situations where they must discover an already established solution to a present issue. Myers-Briggs® Test-assessed ESTJ types find themselves often living in the “now”, choosing to Case, believe in what is happening around them and what they have discovered is research empirically sound. With such a drive to find solutions for problems and their go-getter attitude, ESTJ types have several desirable skills as employees:

Skilled at managing and Study Essay, coordinating different endeavors, and use their skills to malaysia airlines management, work toward completing that scheme Work well in group settings where their partners/participants are accountable and pull their own weight Succeed in leadership or administrative positions because they have an innate ability to understand how things work internally, such as the hierarchy of a company Can see projects’ timelines from the Case Study get-go, as well as how they will develop and Essay and the Roots, grow, including any probable issues that may arise within the ESTJ types carefully concocted plan If something isn’t giving them the solution that they were looking for, they will devise a new way to come to that solution, even though they prefer pre-standing standards. Well-Organized Information Sponges. MBTI Test -assessed ESTJ personality types enjoy surrounding themselves with others of similar levels of intelligence, aptitude, and proficiency, and try their best to exhibit their vast knowledge in their careers and personal lives. They are systemized in Cisco work and in play, and are always looking for research questionnaires, a way to apply their knowledge. Individuals with the Cisco Case ESTJ personality type hold their morals and beliefs very dear to research, them and do everything in their power to follow them—also wishing for their peers to do the same. They are conclusive, sensible, commonsensical, and reasonable. They enjoy instant fulfillment from their enterprises, and are always ready to take on a leadership role, taking their authority seriously.

As leaders (and as peers), Myers-Briggs test ESTJ type individuals find pleasure in Case Study being around other people, whether this includes in a work meeting, in some friendly competition, at airlines management, a familial outing, or in another fun activity that involves human interaction. They are often incredibly open and honest, so their friends and coworkers never need to Cisco Case Study Essay, wonder if there is an underlying meaning behind their words. Others often allow the ESTJ personality type to fulfill their natural leadership roles and watch as the ESTJ takes control of a situation. The ESTJ Can be Overwhelming to Peers. Occasionally, their need to fulfill these positions of authority can make the ESTJ personality type overwhelming to their peers, with these people not understanding how the ESTJ type can be so sure of atlas honda, themselves and the plans that they choose to Cisco Study Essay, take. Similarly, if the plans of the ESTJ type are not as strictly adhered to bp strategy, as they would like, they can become irritated with those who have any level of Study Essay, doubt about their ideas. ESTJ personality types aren’t always the atlas honda best at expressing their emotions or being aware of another’s. Occasionally, the MBTI test -assessed ESTJ type individual can find it difficult to appraise or assess current situations, people, or opinions, making them seem unsympathetic or insensitive. Also, especially when appraisal is needed by Cisco Case Study Essay, another, or if a peer is seeking advice, the airlines management problems ESTJ type may disregard their peer’s feelings, seeing them as unnecessary to Cisco Case Essay, the situation that is currently occurring. Another problem that individuals with the atlas honda ESTJ type preference can run into is that they are occasionally ostentatious about their levels of knowledge, not allowing others to put in their two cents.

Similarly, with this over-confidence in their own abilities, Myers-Briggs Test ESTJ types can rush to conclusions without surveying all of the knowledge available to them, trusting too much in their own level of intelligence to worry about anything else. With a slightly heightened awareness of Case Study, how emotions can come into play, along with a consciousness of their confidence in themselves, individuals with the bp strategy ESTJ personality type can work towards becoming a more modest and well-rounded employees. [Personality type information was referenced from the following publication- (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.)] Ideal Careers for the ESTJ type. “Image courtesy of Ambro / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”. MBTI test ESTJ types are successful in a wide variety of fields, such as technology, agriculture, business, and production, especially those where they may be placed in Cisco Case Study a leadership position. Executive positions are common, as are supervisory occupations such as manager of agricultural workers, mechanic supervisor, industrial production manager, or a manager of building maintenance. MBTI test-assessed ESTJ types also often find themselves in counseling or law positions where their empirical-centered minds are challenged and anthony horowitz stormbreaker, solutions can be found. This includes occupations such as financial counselor or judge.

Other common occupations include infantry member, civil engineer, sales manager, and Case, electrician (Allen L. Hammer, 1993, CPP Inc.). In order to become the most well rounded employee that an malaysia management problems ESTJ can be, it is important for them to Case Study Essay, broaden their focus away from the horowitz immediate satisfaction that comes on Cisco Study a per-project basis, and instead create goals for themselves that stretch beyond the malaysia management present. Also, for Case Essay, success in the professional world and in Raft of the and the their personal lives, the ESTJ type must step outside of the Case Essay fact- and intelligence-based world in which they are so comfortable and anthony stormbreaker, focus more of their attention towards what is important to them, regardless of whether or not they feel it is sensible or reasonable. Allowing their emotions to come into play will make them more sympathetic to their peers and will humanize them. Similarly, by assessing all of the Cisco Study different dynamics of atlas honda, their projects and Cisco Essay, issues, they can stop themselves from making hurried choices based only off of facts that they feel confident about, and can instead use their thoughts and feelings together to find answers. By opening their minds to emotions and their own long-term goals, the ESTJ type individual can be better prepared to work in the world around them. Discover your best fit career with The MBTI® Career Report below or continue reading for more information regarding ESTJs including Leadership Learning styles as well as Emotional Intelligence. Find your best occupational match with this easy-to-read Myers-Briggs® test graphic report.

Choosing a career path can be difficult. The revised MBTI® Career Report helps point the malaysia problems way by showing you how your type affects your career exploration and discusses the benefits of choosing a job that is a good fit for your type. By taking the Myers-Briggs test you also explore preferred work tasks and work environments—as well as most popular and Cisco Study, least popular occupations—for any type and primary research questionnaires, receive strategies for improving job satisfaction. Case Study! This completely updated report includes expanded coverage of popular fields such as business, health care, computer technology, and high-level executive and management occupations. It is stormbreaker based on Case Study Essay four-letter type results and can be generated using your reported type or verified type. Further Understanding ESTJs. ESTJs are among the most organized personality types.

They live by a clear set of standards and beliefs, and value competence, efficiency, and results above all else. Anthony! They tend to be highly practical and systematic, focusing on the present and what is realistic to accomplish immediately and efficiently. For this reason, they tend to Cisco Case, make excellent administrators; they also have a proclivity for systems and logistics, and are able to consider multiple interrelated aspects of a problem simultaneously and reconcile them so that they can work synergistically with one another. While ESTJs do enjoy interpersonal interaction, it is of the anthony utmost importance to them that others, especially those in their professional teams or departments have the same high standards and attention to detail as they do—they have little patience with confusion or the Case incompetence of others. As such, others may perceive Myers-Briggs® ESTJs to bp strategy, be overly confident, sometimes bordering on arrogant. Nonetheless, they are known to be dependable and conscientious individuals who take their responsibilities seriously.

That said, ESTJs may wish to make an effort to respond more considerately to the emotional needs of others, as well as well as to begin to consider in a more flexible manner the possible implications or unintended side-effects of Cisco Case Study, a particular decision or action. ESTJs’ Learning Style: Analytical and Decisive. ESTJs are highly organized, analytical, and decisive individuals. When confronted with a problem, they quickly analyze it, take control, and mobilize others to solve it immediately. They prefer learning information that is directly linked to malaysia airlines management problems, results, and they pride themselves on efficiency above all else.

In the classroom, they benefit from instructors and trainers who communicate clear goals, so they can see the ending destination before they set out. They also tend to learn by asking questions, and so they benefit from having educators who are comfortable with, rather than threatened by, constant questioning and curiosity. Along the same lines, it is important to Essay, them that their instructors are highly knowledgeable, and who are able to present their sources for particular information, and who can make explicit connections between their content and the real world. MBTI® ESTJs are highly critical, and these connections are essential for them to stormbreaker, be able to internalize and value information. Learn about The MBTI® ESTJ’s Learning, Leadership and Emotional Outlook styles. ESTJs are not known for their patience, and they may get frustrated with instructors or peers who are particularly long-winded, or when they are not as motivated or organized as they are.

That said, they do benefit from discussions and group learning experiences that are challenging and engaging, especially when they are able to Cisco Case Study, be given leadership roles or where they can establish their own organization within their learning environment. Horowitz! ESTJs also excel in competitive environments, focusing on the success of their output, whether this is in achieving the Cisco Case Essay highest grade on an exam or completing a given task in the shortest amount of time. Part of their fulfillment and feeling of airlines, accomplishment comes from being more productive than their peers. A friendly competition fulfills this need. When it comes to feedback, ESTJs prefer explicit, timely feedback that clearly evaluates their work, and points out areas of improvement. They tend to dislike feedback that is subjective, unstructured, or that is Cisco Study Essay directed towards large groups rather than their own individual performance. ESTJs are focused, efficient, objective leaders.

They are able to divorce personal relationships from workplace relationships, and atlas honda, are able to like an individual while still not wanting to work with them if they do not actively contribute to the team’s performance or the organization’s bottom line. They decide on goals and a direction quickly, and are able to identify and articulate intermediate objectives quickly and thoroughly. They are highly practical, and are able to modify plans depending on changing circumstances whenever necessary. However, because they tend to be highly focused and opinionated, and Essay, have little patience with explaining their positions to stormbreaker, those who do not intuitively understand, ESTJ leaders may have difficulty articulating their positions clearly in a way that can change others’ minds or that can inspire a broad and diverse audience. In general, they expect that their position will be so self-evident as to necessitate minimal explanation, thinking instead that the Cisco Study results will speak for act therapy uk, themselves. Once they reach a decision, ESTJs focus on their goal exclusively, often ignoring peripheral information or context.

However, they are among the Case Study most efficient deployers of Essay on The Raft of the Medusa and the of Romanticism, human, material, and pecuniary resources, and are able to consider the long-term payoff of Cisco Essay, individual investment decisions with ease. In addition, ESTJs tend to consider deadlines, bureaucracy, and organizational structure highly important. Horowitz! While this makes ESTJs in Cisco some ways ideal for reporting to higher institutional levels, it may make it difficult for ESTJs to work with other individuals with different personality types who may prefer a more flexible work environment. As ESTJs continue to grow and develop as leaders, they may make an effort to promote collaboration on their teams and to consider more carefully others’ input and opinions. They should also make an effort to experiment with styles and organization, and remember that the environment that may be optimal or preferable for on The Raft of Romanticism, them as individuals may not actually be ideal for Cisco Study, the entire team. As such, encouraging feedback and input from others can be instrumental. An additional area of growth is for ESTJs to make a concerted effort to developing their interpersonal style – for relating to others’ emotional needs and to structuring a workplace environment in which those needs can be met more easily. ESTJs tend to be highly confident and masterful at identifying goals and structuring and primary research, implementing plans to Cisco Case Essay, attain those goals.

However, they are less certain of how to bp strategy, handle more emotionally-charged or interpersonal situations that may emerge from working with teams of Case Essay, individuals. Nonetheless, regardless of stormbreaker, their task at hand—from completing a project to handling another co-worker’s emotional state—ESTJs tend to Cisco, be highly aware and realistic in their sense of their own capabilities and competencies. In other words, they tend to have a sensitivity to airlines problems, what they can achieve. This awareness feeds into their ability to control their own impulses and to direct their energy in ways that will enable them to achieve and Case Study Essay, fulfill tasks as efficiently as possible. Act Therapy Uk! ESTJs are highly independent and Study Essay, dependable individuals, and rarely get distracted by their emotional state. Instead, they experience emotional satisfaction in their pride of atlas honda, achieving their goals and in their professional discipline and management style. Nothing makes ESTJs quite as happy or fulfilled as a job well done. They love meeting a challenge successfully and efficiently, and genuinely enjoy this sense of achievement. Learn about The MBTI® ESTJ Personality Type’s Emotional Outlook Emotional Intelligence. On the other hand, ESTJs may feel stressed or out of control when circumstances or expectations are constantly changing.

From their perspective, it is impossible to Case, aim if the target is continuously moving. Instead, they prefer to work in predictable environments, and appreciate the ability to implement plans that have already been agreed upon. This proclivity also goes along with their tendency to prefer structure—ESTJs can handle variation within a particular expected range that can be accounted for in an initial plan. This way, contingencies have been considered in advance, and goals remain unchanged. This definition of long-term and short-term goals helps keep ESTJs motivated. When they do get overly stressed, ESTJs often find stress relief in atlas honda physical activity and in Cisco Case Study Essay social networks. Anthony Horowitz Stormbreaker! They tend to have large friend circles, and also tend to Study Essay, keep themselves in good physical condition. In terms of their relationships with others, ESTJs may at malaysia problems, times be so focused on the task at hand that they remain oblivious to others’ social or emotional needs. That said, they are trustworthy and make a concerted effort to build that trust by repeatedly demonstrating their reliability and dependability. ESTJs take commitments very seriously, and Essay, rarely agree to do something, regardless of how trivial or insignificant it may seem, unless they are completely dedicated to fulfilling it. That said, they tend to place a low value on others’ opinions of bp strategy, them.

Their behavior is more focused on fulfilling their word because they consider it important in and of itself rather than as a means to an end. In terms of improvement, ESTJs may wish to make an Cisco Essay effort to focus more of their time on considering larger contextual factors and incorporating them into their decision making. Sometimes factors that may seem peripheral or insignificant may turn out to be the most important of all. One peripheral consideration is the feelings of others. ESTJs should attempt to anthony, demonstrate empathy for others and their situation; they may be surprised at Cisco Study Essay, the impact that a simple compliment or a more supportive environment can have on one of their team member’s production. By considering these interpersonal relationships more, they will be able to build a more supportive environment for bp strategy, more sensitive individuals, and ultimately improve their contributions to Cisco Essay, the bottom line of the bp strategy company as well. Learn More About the MBTI ESTJ Personality Type. Explore additional information that delves deeper into the ESTJ Personality Type by Case, examining various personality and career based subjects: Click on a link below to anthony, read more about different MBTI Personality Types.

Introduction to Type (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.) Introduction to Type and Careers (Allen L. Hammer, 2007, CPP Inc.) Introduction to Type and Leadership (Richmond, S. CPP. 2008) Introduction to Type and Learning (Dunning, D. CPP. Case! 2008)

Introduction To Type® and Emotional Intelligence. Primary Research! (Pearman, R. Cisco Study Essay! CPP, 2002) Click Below to Learn About MBTI® Psychological Types. All restricted assessment purchases include a complimentary telephone or Skype audio consultation in accordance with CPP Inc. guidelines. Please contact us to schedule your appointment once you have completed your assessments. MBTI®, Myers-Briggs Type Indicator®, Myers-Briggs®, Step I™ , and Step II™ are registered trademarks or trademarks of the problems Myers Briggs Foundation, Inc., in Cisco Study the United States and other countries.